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Permintaan SQL Server untuk menemukan semua izin/akses untuk semua pengguna dalam database

Saya ingin menulis kueri pada sql 2008 yang akan melaporkan semua pengguna yang memiliki akses ke database tertentu, atau objek dalam database seperti tabel, tampilan, dan prosedur tersimpan, baik secara langsung atau karena peran, dll. Ini laporan akan digunakan untuk keperluan audit keamanan. Tidak yakin apakah ada orang yang memiliki kueri yang sepenuhnya sesuai dengan kebutuhan saya, tapi semoga sesuatu yang akan memberi saya awal yang baik. Baik sql 2008, 2005 atau 2000 akan dilakukan, saya mungkin dapat mengonversi sesuai kebutuhan.

162
Jeremy

Ini adalah celah pertama saya di sebuah kueri, berdasarkan saran Andomar. Kueri ini dimaksudkan untuk memberikan daftar izin yang telah diterapkan pengguna secara langsung ke akun pengguna, atau melalui .__ peran yang dimiliki pengguna.

/*
Security Audit Report
1) List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group directly 
2) List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
3) List all access provisioned to the public role

Columns Returned:
UserName        : SQL or Windows/Active Directory user cccount.  This could also be an Active Directory group.
UserType        : Value will be either 'SQL User' or 'Windows User'.  This reflects the type of user defined for the 
                  SQL Server user account.
DatabaseUserName: Name of the associated user as defined in the database user account.  The database user may not be the
                  same as the server user.
Role            : The role name.  This will be null if the associated permissions to the object are defined at directly
                  on the user account, otherwise this will be the name of the role that the user is a member of.
PermissionType  : Type of permissions the user/role has on an object. Examples could include CONNECT, EXECUTE, SELECT
                  DELETE, INSERT, ALTER, CONTROL, TAKE OWNERSHIP, VIEW DEFINITION, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
PermissionState : Reflects the state of the permission type, examples could include GRANT, DENY, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
ObjectType      : Type of object the user/role is assigned permissions on.  Examples could include USER_TABLE, 
                  SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION, SQL_INLINE_TABLE_VALUED_FUNCTION, SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE, VIEW, etc.   
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.          
ObjectName      : Name of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on.  
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
ColumnName      : Name of the column of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on. This value
                  is only populated if the object is a table, view or a table value function.                 
*/

--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group directly 
SELECT  
    [UserName] = CASE princ.[type] 
                    WHEN 'S' THEN princ.[name]
                    WHEN 'U' THEN ulogin.[name] COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI
                 END,
    [UserType] = CASE princ.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                 END,  
    [DatabaseUserName] = princ.[name],       
    [Role] = null,      
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
    [ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],       
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --database user
    sys.database_principals princ  
LEFT JOIN
    --Login accounts
    sys.login_token ulogin on princ.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN        
    --Permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = princ.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col ON col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
WHERE 
    princ.[type] in ('S','U')
UNION
--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
SELECT  
    [UserName] = CASE memberprinc.[type] 
                    WHEN 'S' THEN memberprinc.[name]
                    WHEN 'U' THEN ulogin.[name] COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI
                 END,
    [UserType] = CASE memberprinc.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                 END, 
    [DatabaseUserName] = memberprinc.[name],   
    [Role] = roleprinc.[name],      
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
    [ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],   
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --Role/member associations
    sys.database_role_members members
JOIN
    --Roles
    sys.database_principals roleprinc ON roleprinc.[principal_id] = members.[role_principal_id]
JOIN
    --Role members (database users)
    sys.database_principals memberprinc ON memberprinc.[principal_id] = members.[member_principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Login accounts
    sys.login_token ulogin on memberprinc.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN        
    --Permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
UNION
--List all access provisioned to the public role, which everyone gets by default
SELECT  
    [UserName] = '{All Users}',
    [UserType] = '{All Users}', 
    [DatabaseUserName] = '{All Users}',       
    [Role] = roleprinc.[name],      
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
    [ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],  
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --Roles
    sys.database_principals roleprinc
LEFT JOIN        
    --Role permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]                   
JOIN 
    --All objects   
    sys.objects obj ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
WHERE
    --Only roles
    roleprinc.[type] = 'R' AND
    --Only public role
    roleprinc.[name] = 'public' AND
    --Only objects of ours, not the MS objects
    obj.is_ms_shipped = 0
ORDER BY
    princ.[Name],
    OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    col.[name],
    perm.[permission_name],
    perm.[state_desc],
    obj.type_desc--perm.[class_desc] 
220
Jeremy

Berikut ini adalah versi lengkap dari permintaan Jeremy pada Agustus 2011 dengan perubahan yang disarankan oleh Brad (Okt 2011) dan iw.kuchin (Mei 2012) dimasukkan:

  1. Brad: Benar [ObjectType] dan [ObjectName] untuk skema.
  2. iw.kuchin: Untuk [ObjectType] lebih baik menggunakan obj.type_desc hanya untuk OBJECT_OR_COLUMN kelas izin. Untuk semua kasus lain gunakan perm.[class_desc].
  3. iw.kuchin: Menangani izin IMPERSONATE.
  4. iw.kuchin: Ganti sys.login_token dengan sys.server_principals karena akan menampilkan juga SQL Login, tidak hanya Windows.
  5. iw.kuchin: Sertakan grup Windows.
  6. iw.kuchin: Kecualikan pengguna sys dan INFORMATION_SCHEMA.

Semoga ini menyelamatkan orang lain satu atau dua jam dari hidup mereka. :)

/*
Security Audit Report
1) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group directly
2) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group through a database or application role
3) List all access provisioned to the public role

Columns Returned:
UserType        : Value will be either 'SQL User', 'Windows User', or 'Windows Group'.
                  This reflects the type of user/group defined for the SQL Server account.
DatabaseUserName: Name of the associated user as defined in the database user account.  The database user may not be the
                  same as the server user.
LoginName       : SQL or Windows/Active Directory user account.  This could also be an Active Directory group.
Role            : The role name.  This will be null if the associated permissions to the object are defined at directly
                  on the user account, otherwise this will be the name of the role that the user is a member of.
PermissionType  : Type of permissions the user/role has on an object. Examples could include CONNECT, EXECUTE, SELECT
                  DELETE, INSERT, ALTER, CONTROL, TAKE OWNERSHIP, VIEW DEFINITION, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
PermissionState : Reflects the state of the permission type, examples could include GRANT, DENY, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
ObjectType      : Type of object the user/role is assigned permissions on.  Examples could include USER_TABLE,
                  SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION, SQL_INLINE_TABLE_VALUED_FUNCTION, SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE, VIEW, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
Schema          : Name of the schema the object is in.
ObjectName      : Name of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
ColumnName      : Name of the column of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on. This value
                  is only populated if the object is a table, view or a table value function.
*/

    --1) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group directly
    SELECT
        [UserType] = CASE princ.[type]
                         WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                         WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                         WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                     END,
        [DatabaseUserName] = princ.[name],
        [LoginName]        = ulogin.[name],
        [Role]             = NULL,
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Database user
        sys.database_principals            AS princ
        --Login accounts
        LEFT JOIN sys.server_principals    AS ulogin    ON ulogin.[sid] = princ.[sid]
        --Permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = princ.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        princ.[type] IN ('S','U','G')
        -- No need for these system accounts
        AND princ.[name] NOT IN ('sys', 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA')

UNION

    --2) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group through a database or application role
    SELECT
        [UserType] = CASE membprinc.[type]
                         WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                         WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                         WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                     END,
        [DatabaseUserName] = membprinc.[name],
        [LoginName]        = ulogin.[name],
        [Role]             = roleprinc.[name],
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Role/member associations
        sys.database_role_members          AS members
        --Roles
        JOIN      sys.database_principals  AS roleprinc ON roleprinc.[principal_id] = members.[role_principal_id]
        --Role members (database users)
        JOIN      sys.database_principals  AS membprinc ON membprinc.[principal_id] = members.[member_principal_id]
        --Login accounts
        LEFT JOIN sys.server_principals    AS ulogin    ON ulogin.[sid] = membprinc.[sid]
        --Permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        membprinc.[type] IN ('S','U','G')
        -- No need for these system accounts
        AND membprinc.[name] NOT IN ('sys', 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA')

UNION

    --3) List all access provisioned to the public role, which everyone gets by default
    SELECT
        [UserType]         = '{All Users}',
        [DatabaseUserName] = '{All Users}',
        [LoginName]        = '{All Users}',
        [Role]             = roleprinc.[name],
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Roles
        sys.database_principals            AS roleprinc
        --Role permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        --All objects
        JOIN      sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        roleprinc.[type] = 'R'
        AND roleprinc.[name] = 'public'
        AND obj.[is_ms_shipped] = 0

ORDER BY
    [UserType],
    [DatabaseUserName],
    [LoginName],
    [Role],
    [Schema],
    [ObjectName],
    [ColumnName],
    [PermissionType],
    [PermissionState],
    [ObjectType]
61
Sean Rose

Dari SQL Server 2005 dan seterusnya, Anda dapat menggunakan tampilan sistem untuk itu. Misalnya, kueri ini mencantumkan semua pengguna dalam database, dengan haknya:

select  princ.name
,       princ.type_desc
,       perm.permission_name
,       perm.state_desc
,       perm.class_desc
,       object_name(perm.major_id)
from    sys.database_principals princ
left join
        sys.database_permissions perm
on      perm.grantee_principal_id = princ.principal_id

Sadarilah bahwa pengguna juga dapat memiliki hak melalui peran. Misalnya, peran db_data_reader memberikan select hak pada sebagian besar objek.

47
Andomar

Tidak dapat mengomentari jawaban yang diterima sehingga saya akan menambahkan beberapa komentar di sini:

  • Saya kedua Brad tentang masalah skema. Dari referensi MS sys.objects tabel hanya berisi objek skema-scoped. Jadi untuk mendapatkan info tentang objek "tingkat lebih tinggi" (mis. Skema dalam kasus kami), Anda perlu menggunakan tabel sys.schemas.
  • Untuk [ObjectType] lebih baik menggunakan obj.type_desc hanya untuk OBJECT_OR_COLUMN kelas izin. Untuk semua kasus lain gunakan perm.[class_desc]
  • Jenis izin lain yang tidak ditangani dengan baik dengan permintaan ini adalah IMPERSONATE. Untuk mendapatkan info tentang peniruan, seseorang harus LEFT JOIN dengan sys.database_principals di perm.major_id = imp.principal_id
  • Dengan pengalaman saya lebih baik untuk mengganti sys.login_token dengan sys.server_principals karena akan menampilkan juga SQL Login, tidak hanya yang Windows
  • Orang harus menambahkan 'G' ke jenis utama yang diizinkan untuk mengizinkan grup Windows
  • Juga, seseorang dapat mengecualikan pengguna sys dan INFORMATION_SCHEMA dari tabel yang dihasilkan, karena pengguna ini hanya digunakan untuk layanan 

Saya akan memposting skrip pertama dengan semua perbaikan yang diusulkan, bagian lain juga harus diubah:

SELECT  
    [UserName] = ulogin.[name],
    [UserType] = CASE princ.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                    WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                 END,  
    [DatabaseUserName] = princ.[name],       
    [Role] = null,      
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
    [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class] 
                        WHEN 1 THEN obj.type_desc               -- Schema-contained objects
                        ELSE perm.[class_desc]                  -- Higher-level objects
                   END,       
    [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class] 
                        WHEN 1 THEN OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id)  -- General objects
                        WHEN 3 THEN schem.[name]                -- Schemas
                        WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]                  -- Impersonations
                   END,
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --database user
    sys.database_principals princ  
LEFT JOIN
    --Login accounts
    sys.server_principals ulogin on princ.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN        
    --Permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = princ.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col ON col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.schemas schem ON schem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.database_principals imp ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
WHERE 
    princ.[type] IN ('S','U','G') AND
    -- No need for these system accounts
    princ.[name] NOT IN ('sys', 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA')
21
iw.kuchin

Skrip mengagumkan Jeremy dan kontributor! Terima kasih!

Saya memiliki banyak pengguna, jadi menjalankan ini untuk semua pengguna adalah mimpi buruk. Saya tidak dapat menambahkan komentar, jadi saya memposting keseluruhan skrip dengan perubahan. Saya menambahkan variabel + di mana klausa sehingga saya dapat mencari apa pun yang cocok dengan 5 karakter dalam nama pengguna (atau semua pengguna bila dibiarkan kosong). Tidak ada yang istimewa, tapi saya pikir ini akan sangat membantu dalam beberapa kasus penggunaan.

DECLARE @p_userName NVARCHAR(5) = 'UName' -- Specify up to five characters here (or none for all users)

/*
Security Audit Report
1) List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group directly 
2) List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
3) List all access provisioned to the public role

Columns Returned:
UserName        : SQL or Windows/Active Directory user cccount.  This could also be an            Active Directory group.
UserType        : Value will be either 'SQL User' or 'Windows User'.  This reflects the type of user defined for the  SQL Server user account.
DatabaseUserName: Name of the associated user as defined in the database user account.  The database user may not be the same as the server user.
Role            : The role name.  This will be null if the associated permissions to the object are defined at directly on the user account, otherwise this will be the name of the role that the user is a member of.
PermissionType  : Type of permissions the user/role has on an object. Examples could include CONNECT, EXECUTE, SELECT, DELETE, INSERT, ALTER, CONTROL, TAKE OWNERSHIP, VIEW DEFINITION, etc. This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission definitions.
PermissionState : Reflects the state of the permission type, examples could include GRANT, DENY, etc. This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission definitions.
ObjectType      : Type of object the user/role is assigned permissions on.  Examples could include USER_TABLE, SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION, SQL_INLINE_TABLE_VALUED_FUNCTION, SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE, VIEW, etc. This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission definitions.          
ObjectName      : Name of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on. This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission definitions.
ColumnName      : Name of the column of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on. This value is only populated if the object is a table, view or a table value function. 

*/

DECLARE @userName NVARCHAR(4) = @p_UserName + '%'
--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group directly 

SELECT  
[UserName] = CASE princ.[type] 
                WHEN 'S' THEN princ.[name]
                WHEN 'U' THEN ulogin.[name] COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI
             END,
[UserType] = CASE princ.[type]
                WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
             END,  
[DatabaseUserName] = princ.[name],       
[Role] = null,      
[PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
[PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
[ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],       
[ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
[ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
--database user
sys.database_principals princ  
LEFT JOIN
--Login accounts
sys.login_token ulogin on princ.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN        
--Permissions
sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = princ.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
--Table columns
sys.columns col ON col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
WHERE 
princ.[type] in ('S','U')  
AND princ.[name] LIKE @userName  -- Added this line --CSLAGLE
UNION
--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
SELECT  
[UserName] = CASE memberprinc.[type] 
                WHEN 'S' THEN memberprinc.[name]
                WHEN 'U' THEN ulogin.[name] COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI
             END,
[UserType] = CASE memberprinc.[type]
                WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
             END, 
[DatabaseUserName] = memberprinc.[name],   
[Role] = roleprinc.[name],      
[PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
[PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
[ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],   
[ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
[ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
--Role/member associations
sys.database_role_members members
JOIN
--Roles
sys.database_principals roleprinc ON roleprinc.[principal_id] = members.[role_principal_id]
JOIN
--Role members (database users)
sys.database_principals memberprinc ON memberprinc.[principal_id] = members.[member_principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
--Login accounts
sys.login_token ulogin on memberprinc.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN        
--Permissions
sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
--Table columns
sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
WHERE memberprinc.[name] LIKE @userName -- Added this line --CSLAGLE
UNION
--List all access provisioned to the public role, which everyone gets by default
SELECT  
[UserName] = '{All Users}', 
[UserType] = '{All Users}', 
[DatabaseUserName] = '{All Users}',       
[Role] = roleprinc.[name],      
[PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
[PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
[ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],  
[ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
[ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
--Roles
sys.database_principals roleprinc
LEFT JOIN        
--Role permissions
sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
--Table columns
sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]                   
JOIN 
--All objects   
sys.objects obj ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
WHERE
--Only roles
roleprinc.[type] = 'R' AND
--Only public role
roleprinc.[name] = 'public' AND
--Only objects of ours, not the MS objects
obj.is_ms_shipped = 0
ORDER BY
princ.[Name],
OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
col.[name],
perm.[permission_name],
perm.[state_desc],
obj.type_desc--perm.[class_desc]  
8
Chef Slagle

Jawaban lain yang saya lihat melewatkan beberapa izin yang mungkin ada dalam database. Kueri pertama dalam kode di bawah ini akan mendapatkan izin tingkat basis data untuk semuanya yang bukan objek sistem. Ini menghasilkan pernyataan GRANT yang sesuai juga. Kueri kedua mendapatkan semua peran peran. 

Ini harus dijalankan untuk setiap database, tetapi terlalu lama untuk digunakan dengan sp_MSforeachdb. Jika Anda ingin melakukan itu, Anda harus menambahkannya ke database master sebagai prosedur tersimpan sistem.

Untuk mencakup semua kemungkinan Anda juga harus memiliki skrip yang memeriksa izin tingkat server.

SELECT DB_NAME() AS database_name
    , class
    , class_desc
    , major_id
    , minor_id
    , grantee_principal_id
    , grantor_principal_id
    , databasepermissions.type
    , permission_name
    , STATE
    , state_desc
    , granteedatabaseprincipal.name AS grantee_name
    , granteedatabaseprincipal.type_desc AS grantee_type_desc
    , granteeserverprincipal.name AS grantee_principal_name
    , granteeserverprincipal.type_desc AS grantee_principal_type_desc
    , grantor.name AS grantor_name
    , granted_on_name
    , permissionstatement + N' TO ' + QUOTENAME(granteedatabaseprincipal.name) + CASE 
        WHEN STATE = N'W'
            THEN N' WITH GRANT OPTION'
        ELSE N''
        END AS permissionstatement
FROM (
    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(CONVERT(NVARCHAR(MAX), DB_NAME())) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.class = 0)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.schemas.name) + N'.' + QUOTENAME(sys.objects.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON ' + QUOTENAME(sys.schemas.name) + N'.' + QUOTENAME(sys.objects.name) + COALESCE(N' (' + QUOTENAME(sys.columns.name) + N')', N'') AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.objects
        ON sys.objects.object_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    INNER JOIN sys.schemas
        ON sys.schemas.schema_id = sys.objects.schema_id
    LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.columns
        ON sys.columns.object_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
            AND sys.columns.column_id = sys.database_permissions.minor_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 1)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.schemas.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON SCHEMA::' + QUOTENAME(sys.schemas.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.schemas
        ON sys.schemas.schema_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 3)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(targetPrincipal.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON ' + targetPrincipal.type_desc + N'::' + QUOTENAME(targetPrincipal.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.database_principals AS targetPrincipal
        ON targetPrincipal.principal_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 4)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.assemblies.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON Assembly::' + QUOTENAME(sys.assemblies.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.assemblies
        ON sys.assemblies.Assembly_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 5)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.types.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON TYPE::' + QUOTENAME(sys.types.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.types
        ON sys.types.user_type_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 6)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.types.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON TYPE::' + QUOTENAME(sys.types.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.types
        ON sys.types.user_type_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 6)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.xml_schema_collections.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON XML SCHEMA COLLECTION::' + QUOTENAME(sys.xml_schema_collections.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.xml_schema_collections
        ON sys.xml_schema_collections.xml_collection_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 10)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.service_message_types.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON MESSAGE TYPE::' + QUOTENAME(sys.service_message_types.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.service_message_types
        ON sys.service_message_types.message_type_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 15)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.service_contracts.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON CONTRACT::' + QUOTENAME(sys.service_contracts.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.service_contracts
        ON sys.service_contracts.service_contract_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 16)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.services.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON SERVICE::' + QUOTENAME(sys.services.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.services
        ON sys.services.service_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 17)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.remote_service_bindings.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON REMOTE SERVICE BINDING::' + QUOTENAME(sys.remote_service_bindings.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.remote_service_bindings
        ON sys.remote_service_bindings.remote_service_binding_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 18)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.routes.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON ROUTE::' + QUOTENAME(sys.routes.name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.routes
        ON sys.routes.route_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 19)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.symmetric_keys.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON ASYMMETRIC KEY::' + QUOTENAME(sys.symmetric_keys.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.symmetric_keys
        ON sys.symmetric_keys.symmetric_key_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 24)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.certificates.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON CERTIFICATE::' + QUOTENAME(sys.certificates.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.certificates
        ON sys.certificates.certificate_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 25)

    UNION ALL

    SELECT sys.database_permissions.class
        , sys.database_permissions.class_desc
        , sys.database_permissions.major_id
        , sys.database_permissions.minor_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantee_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.grantor_principal_id
        , sys.database_permissions.type
        , sys.database_permissions.permission_name
        , sys.database_permissions.state
        , sys.database_permissions.state_desc
        , QUOTENAME(sys.asymmetric_keys.name) AS granted_on_name
        , CASE 
            WHEN sys.database_permissions.state = N'W'
                THEN N'GRANT'
            ELSE sys.database_permissions.state_desc
            END + N' ' + sys.database_permissions.permission_name COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + N' ON ASYMMETRIC KEY::' + QUOTENAME(sys.asymmetric_keys.name) AS permissionstatement
    FROM sys.database_permissions
    INNER JOIN sys.asymmetric_keys
        ON sys.asymmetric_keys.asymmetric_key_id = sys.database_permissions.major_id
    WHERE (sys.database_permissions.major_id >= 0)
        AND (sys.database_permissions.class = 26)
    ) AS databasepermissions
INNER JOIN sys.database_principals AS granteedatabaseprincipal
    ON granteedatabaseprincipal.principal_id = grantee_principal_id
LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.server_principals AS granteeserverprincipal
    ON granteeserverprincipal.sid = granteedatabaseprincipal.sid
INNER JOIN sys.database_principals AS grantor
    ON grantor.principal_id = grantor_principal_id
ORDER BY grantee_name, granted_on_name

SELECT roles.name AS role_name
    , roles.principal_id
    , roles.type AS role_type
    , roles.type_desc AS role_type_desc
    , roles.is_fixed_role AS role_is_fixed_role
    , memberdatabaseprincipal.name AS member_name
    , memberdatabaseprincipal.principal_id AS member_principal_id
    , memberdatabaseprincipal.type AS member_type
    , memberdatabaseprincipal.type_desc AS member_type_desc
    , memberdatabaseprincipal.is_fixed_role AS member_is_fixed_role
    , memberserverprincipal.name AS member_principal_name
    , memberserverprincipal.type_desc member_principal_type_desc
    , N'ALTER ROLE ' + QUOTENAME(roles.name) + N' ADD MEMBER ' + QUOTENAME(memberdatabaseprincipal.name) AS AddRoleMembersStatement
FROM sys.database_principals AS roles
INNER JOIN sys.database_role_members
    ON sys.database_role_members.role_principal_id = roles.principal_id
INNER JOIN sys.database_principals AS memberdatabaseprincipal
    ON memberdatabaseprincipal.principal_id = sys.database_role_members.member_principal_id
LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.server_principals AS memberserverprincipal
    ON memberserverprincipal.sid = memberdatabaseprincipal.sid
ORDER BY role_name
    , member_name
6
JamieSee

Prosedur yang disimpan GetPermissions di atas adalah baik tetapi menggunakan Sp_msforeachdb yang berarti bahwa itu akan rusak jika SQL Instance Anda memiliki nama database yang menyertakan spasi atau tanda hubung dan karakter non-best-practices lainnya. Saya telah membuat versi yang menghindari penggunaan Sp_msforeachdb dan juga menyertakan dua kolom yang menunjukkan 1 - jika Login adalah login sysadmin (IsSysAdminLogin) dan 2 - jika login adalah pengguna Orphan (IsEmptyRow).

USE [master] ;
GO
IF EXISTS
(
    SELECT * FROM sys.objects
    WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID(N'dbo.uspGetPermissionsOfAllLogins_DBsOnColumns')
    AND [type] in (N'P',N'PC')
)
BEGIN
    DROP PROCEDURE dbo.uspGetPermissionsOfAllLogins_DBsOnColumns ;
END
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.uspGetPermissionsOfAllLogins_DBsOnColumns
AS
SET NOCOUNT ON
;
BEGIN TRY
    IF EXISTS
    (
        SELECT * FROM tempdb.dbo.sysobjects
        WHERE id = object_id(N'[tempdb].dbo.[#permission]')
    )
    DROP TABLE #permission
    ;
    IF EXISTS
    (
        SELECT * FROM tempdb.dbo.sysobjects
        WHERE id = object_id(N'[tempdb].dbo.[#userroles_kk]')
    )
    DROP TABLE #userroles_kk
    ;
    IF EXISTS
    (
        SELECT * FROM tempdb.dbo.sysobjects
        WHERE id = object_id(N'[tempdb].dbo.[#rolemember_kk]')
    )
    DROP TABLE #rolemember_kk
    ;
    IF EXISTS
    (
        SELECT * FROM tempdb.dbo.sysobjects
        WHERE id = object_id(N'[tempdb].dbo.[##db_name]')
    )
    DROP TABLE ##db_name
    ;
    DECLARE
    @db_name VARCHAR(255)
    ,@sql_text VARCHAR(MAX) 
    ;
    SET @sql_text =
    'CREATE TABLE ##db_name
    (
        LoginUserName VARCHAR(MAX)
        ,' 
    ;
    DECLARE cursDBs CURSOR FOR 
        SELECT [name]
        FROM sys.databases
        ORDER BY [name]
    ;
    OPEN cursDBs 
    ;
    FETCH NEXT FROM cursDBs INTO @db_name 
    WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 
        BEGIN 
                SET @sql_text =
        @sql_text + QUOTENAME(@db_name) + ' VARCHAR(MAX)
        ,' 
                FETCH NEXT FROM cursDBs INTO @db_name 
        END 
    CLOSE cursDBs 
    ;
    SET @sql_text =
        @sql_text + 'IsSysAdminLogin CHAR(1)
        ,IsEmptyRow CHAR(1)
    )' 

    --PRINT @sql_text
    EXEC (@sql_text)
    ;
    DEALLOCATE cursDBs 
    ;
    DECLARE
    @RoleName VARCHAR(255) 
    ,@UserName VARCHAR(255) 
    ;
    CREATE TABLE #permission 
    (
     LoginUserName VARCHAR(255)
     ,databasename VARCHAR(255)
     ,[role] VARCHAR(255)
    ) 
    ;
    DECLARE cursSysSrvPrinName CURSOR FOR 
        SELECT [name]
        FROM sys.server_principals 
        WHERE
        [type] IN ( 'S', 'U', 'G' )
        AND principal_id > 4
        AND [name] NOT LIKE '##%'
        ORDER BY [name]
    ;
    OPEN cursSysSrvPrinName
    ;
    FETCH NEXT FROM cursSysSrvPrinName INTO @UserName 
    WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 
    BEGIN 
        CREATE TABLE #userroles_kk 
        ( 
             databasename VARCHAR(255)
             ,[role] VARCHAR(255)
        ) 
        ;
        CREATE TABLE #rolemember_kk 
        ( 
             dbrole VARCHAR(255)
             ,membername VARCHAR(255)
             ,membersid VARBINARY(2048)
        ) 
        ;
        DECLARE cursDatabases CURSOR FAST_FORWARD LOCAL FOR
        SELECT [name]
        FROM sys.databases
        ORDER BY [name]
        ;
        OPEN cursDatabases
        ;
        DECLARE 
        @DBN VARCHAR(255)
        ,@sqlText NVARCHAR(4000)
        ;
        FETCH NEXT FROM cursDatabases INTO @DBN
        WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
        BEGIN
            SET @sqlText =
    N'USE ' + QUOTENAME(@DBN) + ';
    TRUNCATE TABLE #RoleMember_kk 
    INSERT INTO #RoleMember_kk 
    EXEC sp_helprolemember 
    INSERT INTO #UserRoles_kk
    (DatabaseName,[Role])
    SELECT db_name(),dbRole
    FROM #RoleMember_kk
    WHERE MemberName = ''' + @UserName + '''
    '

            --PRINT @sqlText ;
            EXEC sp_executesql @sqlText ;
        FETCH NEXT FROM cursDatabases INTO @DBN
        END
        CLOSE cursDatabases
        ;
        DEALLOCATE cursDatabases
        ;
        INSERT INTO #permission 
        SELECT
        @UserName 'user'
        ,b.name
        ,u.[role]
        FROM
        sys.sysdatabases b
        LEFT JOIN
        #userroles_kk u 
            ON QUOTENAME(u.databasename) = QUOTENAME(b.name)
        ORDER  BY 1 
        ;
        DROP TABLE #userroles_kk
        ; 
        DROP TABLE #rolemember_kk
        ;
        FETCH NEXT FROM cursSysSrvPrinName INTO @UserName 
    END 
    CLOSE cursSysSrvPrinName 
    ;
    DEALLOCATE cursSysSrvPrinName 
    ;
    TRUNCATE TABLE ##db_name 
    ;
    DECLARE
    @d1 VARCHAR(MAX)
    ,@d2 VARCHAR(MAX)
    ,@d3 VARCHAR(MAX)
    ,@ss VARCHAR(MAX)
    ;
    DECLARE cursPermisTable CURSOR FOR
        SELECT * FROM #permission 
        ORDER BY 2 DESC 
    ;
    OPEN cursPermisTable
    ;
    FETCH NEXT FROM cursPermisTable INTO @d1,@d2,@d3
    WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 
    BEGIN 
        IF NOT EXISTS
        (
            SELECT 1 FROM ##db_name WHERE LoginUserName = @d1
        )
        BEGIN 
            SET @ss =
            'INSERT INTO ##db_name(LoginUserName) VALUES (''' + @d1 + ''')' 
            EXEC (@ss) 
            ;
            SET @ss =
            'UPDATE ##db_name SET ' + @d2 + ' = ''' + @d3 + ''' WHERE LoginUserName = ''' + @d1 + '''' 
            EXEC (@ss)
            ;
        END 
        ELSE 
        BEGIN 
            DECLARE
            @var NVARCHAR(MAX)
            ,@ParmDefinition NVARCHAR(MAX)
            ,@var1 NVARCHAR(MAX)
            ;
            SET @var =
            N'SELECT @var1 = ' + QUOTENAME(@d2) + ' FROM ##db_name WHERE LoginUserName = ''' + @d1 + ''''
            ; 
            SET @ParmDefinition =
            N'@var1 NVARCHAR(600) OUTPUT '
            ; 
            EXECUTE Sp_executesql @var,@ParmDefinition,@var1 = @var1 OUTPUT
            ;
            SET @var1 =
            ISNULL(@var1, ' ')
            ;
            SET @var =
            '  UPDATE ##db_name SET ' + @d2 + '=''' + @var1 + ' ' + @d3 + ''' WHERE LoginUserName = ''' + @d1 + '''  '
            ;
            EXEC (@var)
            ;
        END
        FETCH NEXT FROM cursPermisTable INTO @d1,@d2,@d3
    END 
    CLOSE cursPermisTable
    ;
    DEALLOCATE cursPermisTable 
    ;
    UPDATE ##db_name SET
    IsSysAdminLogin = 'Y'
    FROM
    ##db_name TT
    INNER JOIN
    dbo.syslogins SL
        ON TT.LoginUserName = SL.[name]
    WHERE
    SL.sysadmin = 1
    ;
    DECLARE cursDNamesAsColumns CURSOR FAST_FORWARD LOCAL FOR
    SELECT [name]
    FROM tempdb.sys.columns
    WHERE
    OBJECT_ID = OBJECT_ID('tempdb..##db_name')
    AND [name] NOT IN ('LoginUserName','IsEmptyRow')
    ORDER BY [name]
    ;
    OPEN cursDNamesAsColumns
    ;
    DECLARE 
    @ColN VARCHAR(255)
    ,@tSQLText NVARCHAR(4000)
    ;
    FETCH NEXT FROM cursDNamesAsColumns INTO @ColN
    WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
    BEGIN
        SET @tSQLText =
N'UPDATE ##db_name SET
IsEmptyRow = ''N''
WHERE IsEmptyRow IS NULL
AND ' + QUOTENAME(@ColN) + ' IS NOT NULL
;
'

        --PRINT @tSQLText ;
        EXEC sp_executesql @tSQLText ;
    FETCH NEXT FROM cursDNamesAsColumns INTO @ColN
    END
    CLOSE cursDNamesAsColumns
    ;
    DEALLOCATE cursDNamesAsColumns
    ;
    UPDATE ##db_name SET
    IsEmptyRow = 'Y'
    WHERE IsEmptyRow IS NULL
    ;
    UPDATE ##db_name SET
    IsSysAdminLogin = 'N'
    FROM
    ##db_name TT
    INNER JOIN
    dbo.syslogins SL
        ON TT.LoginUserName = SL.[name]
    WHERE
    SL.sysadmin = 0
    ;
    SELECT * FROM ##db_name
    ;
    DROP TABLE ##db_name
    ;
    DROP TABLE #permission
    ;
END TRY
BEGIN CATCH
    DECLARE
    @cursDBs_Status INT
    ,@cursSysSrvPrinName_Status INT
    ,@cursDatabases_Status INT
    ,@cursPermisTable_Status INT
    ,@cursDNamesAsColumns_Status INT
    ;
    SELECT
    @cursDBs_Status = CURSOR_STATUS('GLOBAL','cursDBs')
    ,@cursSysSrvPrinName_Status = CURSOR_STATUS('GLOBAL','cursSysSrvPrinName')
    ,@cursDatabases_Status = CURSOR_STATUS('GLOBAL','cursDatabases')
    ,@cursPermisTable_Status = CURSOR_STATUS('GLOBAL','cursPermisTable')
    ,@cursDNamesAsColumns_Status = CURSOR_STATUS('GLOBAL','cursPermisTable')
    ;
    IF @cursDBs_Status > -2
        BEGIN
            CLOSE cursDBs ;
            DEALLOCATE cursDBs ;
        END
    IF @cursSysSrvPrinName_Status > -2
        BEGIN
            CLOSE cursSysSrvPrinName ;
            DEALLOCATE cursSysSrvPrinName ;
        END
    IF @cursDatabases_Status > -2
        BEGIN
            CLOSE cursDatabases ;
            DEALLOCATE cursDatabases ;
        END
    IF @cursPermisTable_Status > -2
        BEGIN
            CLOSE cursPermisTable ;
            DEALLOCATE cursPermisTable ;
        END
    IF @cursDNamesAsColumns_Status > -2
        BEGIN
            CLOSE cursDNamesAsColumns ;
            DEALLOCATE cursDNamesAsColumns ;
        END
    SELECT ErrorNum = ERROR_NUMBER(),ErrorMsg = ERROR_MESSAGE() ;
END CATCH
GO
/*
EXEC [master].dbo.uspGetPermissionsOfAllLogins_DBsOnColumns ;
*/
5
Ulysses

Ini versi saya, diadaptasi dari yang lain. Saya menghabiskan 30 menit barusan mencoba mengingat bagaimana saya menemukan ini, dan jawaban @Jeremy tampaknya menjadi inspirasi utama. Saya tidak ingin memperbarui jawaban Jeremy, kalau-kalau saya memperkenalkan bug, jadi saya memposting versi saya di sini.

Saya menyarankan memasangkan skrip lengkap dengan beberapa inspirasi yang diambil dari T-SQL Kenneth Fisher Selasa: Apa Izin yang Dimiliki Pengguna Tertentu? : Ini memungkinkan Anda untuk menjawab pertanyaan kepatuhan/audit dari bawah ke atas, bukan dari atas ke bawah.

EXECUTE AS LOGIN = '<loginname>'

SELECT token.name AS GroupNames
FROM sys.login_token token
JOIN sys.server_principals grp
    ON token.sid = grp.sid
WHERE token.[type] = 'WINDOWS GROUP'
  AND grp.[type] = 'G'

REVERT

Untuk memahami hal ini, pertimbangkan Contoso\DB_AdventureWorks_Accounting Windows AD Group dengan anggota Contoso\John.Doe. John.Doe mengautentikasi ke AdventureWorks melalui server_principal Contoso\DB_AdventureWorks_Logins Windows AD Group. Jika seseorang bertanya kepada Anda, "Izin apa yang dimiliki John.Doe?", Anda tidak dapat menjawab pertanyaan itu hanya dengan skrip di bawah ini. Anda harus mengulangi setiap baris yang dikembalikan oleh skrip di bawah ini dan bergabung dengan skrip di atas. (Anda mungkin juga perlu menormalkan nilai basi name melalui mencari SID di penyedia Direktori Aktif Anda.)

Ini skripnya, tanpa memasukkan logika pencarian terbalik.

/*


--Script source found at :  http://stackoverflow.com/a/7059579/1387418
Security Audit Report
1) List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group directly 
2) List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
3) List all access provisioned to the public role



Columns Returned:
UserName         : SQL or Windows/Active Directory user account.  This could also be an Active Directory group.
UserType         : Value will be either 'SQL User' or 'Windows User'.  This reflects the type of user defined for the 
                  SQL Server user account.
PrinciaplUserName: if UserName is not blank, then UserName else DatabaseUserName
PrincipalType    : Possible values are 'SQL User', 'Windows User', 'Database Role', 'Windows Group'
DatabaseUserName : Name of the associated user as defined in the database user account.  The database user may not be the
                   same as the server user.
Role             : The role name.  This will be null if the associated permissions to the object are defined at directly
                   on the user account, otherwise this will be the name of the role that the user is a member of.
PermissionType   : Type of permissions the user/role has on an object. Examples could include CONNECT, EXECUTE, SELECT
                   DELETE, INSERT, ALTER, CONTROL, TAKE OWNERSHIP, VIEW DEFINITION, etc.
                   This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                   definitions.
PermissionState  : Reflects the state of the permission type, examples could include GRANT, DENY, etc.
                   This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                   definitions.
ObjectType       : Type of object the user/role is assigned permissions on.  Examples could include USER_TABLE, 
                   SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION, SQL_INLINE_TABLE_VALUED_FUNCTION, SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE, VIEW, etc.   
                   This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                   definitions.          
ObjectName       : Name of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on.  
                   This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                   definitions.
ColumnName       : Name of the column of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on. This value
                   is only populated if the object is a table, view or a table value function.                 
*/

DECLARE @HideDatabaseDiagrams BIT = 1;

--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group directly 
SELECT  
    [UserName] = CASE dbprinc.[type] 
                    WHEN 'S' THEN dbprinc.[name] -- SQL User
                    WHEN 'U' THEN sprinc.[name] -- Windows User
                    WHEN 'R' THEN NULL -- Database Role
                    WHEN 'G' THEN NULL -- Windows Group
                    ELSE NULL
                 END,
    [UserType] = CASE dbprinc.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                    WHEN 'R' THEN NULL -- Database Role
                    WHEN 'G' THEN NULL -- Windows Group
                    ELSE dbprinc.[type]
                 END,
    [PrincipalUserName] = COALESCE(
                    CASE dbprinc.[type]
                        WHEN 'S' THEN dbprinc.[name] -- SQL User
                        WHEN 'U' THEN sprinc.[name] -- Windows User
                        WHEN 'R' THEN NULL -- Database Role
                        WHEN 'G' THEN NULL -- Windows Group
                        ELSE NULL
                     END,
                     dbprinc.[name]
                 ),
    [PrincipalType] = CASE dbprinc.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                    WHEN 'R' THEN 'Database Role'
                    WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                 END,
    [DatabaseUserName] = dbprinc.[name],
    [Role] = null,
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],
    [ObjectType] = obj.[type_desc],--perm.[class_desc],
    [ObjectSchema] = OBJECT_SCHEMA_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --database user
    sys.database_principals dbprinc  
LEFT JOIN
    --Login accounts
    sys.server_principals sprinc on dbprinc.[sid] = sprinc.[sid]
LEFT JOIN        
    --Permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = dbprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col ON col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
WHERE 
    dbprinc.[type] in ('S','U')
    AND CASE
        WHEN @HideDatabaseDiagrams = 1 AND
        dbprinc.[name] = 'guest'
        AND (
            (
                obj.type_desc = 'SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION'
                AND OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id) = 'fn_diagramobjects'
            )
            OR (
                obj.type_desc = 'SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE'
                AND OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id) IN
                (
                    N'sp_alterdiagram',
                    N'sp_creatediagram',
                    N'sp_dropdiagram',
                    N'sp_helpdiagramdefinition',
                    N'sp_helpdiagrams',
                    N'sp_renamediagram'
                )
            )
        )
        THEN 0
        ELSE 1
    END = 1
UNION
--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
SELECT  
    [UserName] = CASE memberprinc.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN memberprinc.[name]
                    WHEN 'U' THEN sprinc.[name]
                    WHEN 'R' THEN NULL -- Database Role
                    WHEN 'G' THEN NULL -- Windows Group
                    ELSE NULL
                 END,
    [UserType] = CASE memberprinc.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                    WHEN 'R' THEN NULL -- Database Role
                    WHEN 'G' THEN NULL -- Windows Group
                 END, 
    [PrincipalUserName] = COALESCE(
                    CASE memberprinc.[type]
                        WHEN 'S' THEN memberprinc.[name]
                        WHEN 'U' THEN sprinc.[name]
                        WHEN 'R' THEN NULL -- Database Role
                        WHEN 'G' THEN NULL -- Windows Group
                        ELSE NULL
                     END,
                     memberprinc.[name]
                 ),
    [PrincipalType] = CASE memberprinc.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                    WHEN 'R' THEN 'Database Role'
                    WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                 END, 
    [DatabaseUserName] = memberprinc.[name],
    [Role] = roleprinc.[name],
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],
    [ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],
    [ObjectSchema] = OBJECT_SCHEMA_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --Role/member associations
    sys.database_role_members members
JOIN
    --Roles
    sys.database_principals roleprinc ON roleprinc.[principal_id] = members.[role_principal_id]
JOIN
    --Role members (database users)
    sys.database_principals memberprinc ON memberprinc.[principal_id] = members.[member_principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Login accounts
    sys.server_principals sprinc on memberprinc.[sid] = sprinc.[sid]
LEFT JOIN
    --Permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
WHERE    
    CASE
        WHEN @HideDatabaseDiagrams = 1 AND
        memberprinc.[name] = 'guest'
        AND (
            (
                obj.type_desc = 'SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION'
                AND OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id) = 'fn_diagramobjects'
            )
            OR (
                obj.type_desc = 'SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE'
                AND OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id) IN
                (
                    N'sp_alterdiagram',
                    N'sp_creatediagram',
                    N'sp_dropdiagram',
                    N'sp_helpdiagramdefinition',
                    N'sp_helpdiagrams',
                    N'sp_renamediagram'
                )
            )
        )
        THEN 0
        ELSE 1
    END = 1
UNION
--List all access provisioned to the public role, which everyone gets by default
SELECT  
    [UserName] = '{All Users}',
    [UserType] = '{All Users}',
    [PrincipalUserName] = '{All Users}',
    [PrincipalType] = '{All Users}',
    [DatabaseUserName] = '{All Users}',
    [Role] = roleprinc.[name],
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],
    [ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],
    [ObjectSchema] = OBJECT_SCHEMA_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --Roles
    sys.database_principals roleprinc
LEFT JOIN        
    --Role permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
JOIN 
    --All objects
    sys.objects obj ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
WHERE
    --Only roles
    roleprinc.[type] = 'R' AND
    --Only public role
    roleprinc.[name] = 'public' AND
    --Only objects of ours, not the MS objects
    obj.is_ms_shipped = 0
    AND CASE
        WHEN @HideDatabaseDiagrams = 1 AND
        roleprinc.[name] = 'public'
        AND (
            (
                obj.type_desc = 'SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION'
                AND OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id) = 'fn_diagramobjects'
            )
            OR (
                obj.type_desc = 'SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE'
                AND OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id) IN
                (
                    N'sp_alterdiagram',
                    N'sp_creatediagram',
                    N'sp_dropdiagram',
                    N'sp_helpdiagramdefinition',
                    N'sp_helpdiagrams',
                    N'sp_renamediagram'
                )
            )
        )
        THEN 0
        ELSE 1
    END = 1
ORDER BY
    dbprinc.[Name],
    OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    col.[name],
    perm.[permission_name],
    perm.[state_desc],
    obj.type_desc--perm.[class_desc]
4
John Zabroski
CREATE PROCEDURE Get_permission 
AS 
    DECLARE @db_name  VARCHAR(200), 
            @sql_text VARCHAR(max) 

    SET @sql_text='Create table ##db_name (user_name varchar(max),' 

    DECLARE db_cursor CURSOR FOR 
      SELECT name 
      FROM   sys.databases 

    OPEN db_cursor 

    FETCH next FROM db_cursor INTO @db_name 

    WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 
      BEGIN 
          SET @[email protected]_text + @db_name + ' varchar(max),' 

          FETCH next FROM db_cursor INTO @db_name 
      END 

    CLOSE db_cursor 

    SET @[email protected]_text + 'Server_perm varchar(max))' 

    EXEC (@sql_text) 

    DEALLOCATE db_cursor 

    DECLARE @RoleName VARCHAR(50) 
    DECLARE @UserName VARCHAR(50) 
    DECLARE @CMD VARCHAR(1000) 

    CREATE TABLE #permission 
      ( 
         user_name    VARCHAR(50), 
         databasename VARCHAR(50), 
         role         VARCHAR(50) 
      ) 

    DECLARE longspcur CURSOR FOR 
      SELECT name 
      FROM   sys.server_principals 
      WHERE  type IN ( 'S', 'U', 'G' ) 
             AND principal_id > 4 
             AND name NOT LIKE '##%' 
             AND name <> 'NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM' 
             AND name <> 'ONDEMAND\Administrator' 
             AND name NOT LIKE 'steel%' 

    OPEN longspcur 

    FETCH next FROM longspcur INTO @UserName 

    WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 
      BEGIN 
          CREATE TABLE #userroles_kk 
            ( 
               databasename VARCHAR(50), 
               role         VARCHAR(50) 
            ) 

          CREATE TABLE #rolemember_kk 
            ( 
               dbrole     VARCHAR(100), 
               membername VARCHAR(100), 
               membersid  VARBINARY(2048) 
            ) 

          SET @CMD = 'use ? truncate table #RoleMember_kk insert into #RoleMember_kk exec sp_helprolemember  insert into #UserRoles_kk (DatabaseName, Role) select db_name(), dbRole from #RoleMember_kk where MemberName = ''' + @UserName + '''' 

          EXEC Sp_msforeachdb 
            @CMD 

          INSERT INTO #permission 
          SELECT @UserName 'user', 
                 b.name, 
                 u.role 
          FROM   sys.sysdatabases b 
                 LEFT OUTER JOIN #userroles_kk u 
                              ON u.databasename = b.name --and u.Role='db_owner' 
          ORDER  BY 1 

          DROP TABLE #userroles_kk; 

          DROP TABLE #rolemember_kk; 

          FETCH next FROM longspcur INTO @UserName 
      END 

    CLOSE longspcur 

    DEALLOCATE longspcur 

    TRUNCATE TABLE ##db_name 

    DECLARE @d1 VARCHAR(max), 
            @d2 VARCHAR(max), 
            @d3 VARCHAR(max), 
            @ss VARCHAR(max) 
    DECLARE perm_cur CURSOR FOR 
      SELECT * 
      FROM   #permission 
      ORDER  BY 2 DESC 

    OPEN perm_cur 

    FETCH next FROM perm_cur INTO @d1, @d2, @d3 

    WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 
      BEGIN 
          IF NOT EXISTS(SELECT 1 
                        FROM   ##db_name 
                        WHERE  user_name = @d1) 
            BEGIN 
                SET @ss='insert into ##db_name(user_name) values (''' 
                        + @d1 + ''')' 

                EXEC (@ss) 

                SET @ss='update ##db_name set ' + @d2 + '=''' + @d3 
                        + ''' where user_name=''' + @d1 + '''' 

                EXEC (@ss) 
            END 
          ELSE 
            BEGIN 
                DECLARE @var            NVARCHAR(max), 
                        @ParmDefinition NVARCHAR(max), 
                        @var1           NVARCHAR(max) 

                SET @var = N'select @var1=' + @d2 
                           + ' from ##db_name where USER_NAME=''' + @d1 
                           + ''''; 
                SET @ParmDefinition = N'@var1 nvarchar(300) OUTPUT'; 

                EXECUTE Sp_executesql 
                  @var, 
                  @ParmDefinition, 
                  @[email protected] output; 

                SET @var1=Isnull(@var1, ' ') 
                SET @var= '  update ##db_name set ' + @d2 + '=''' + @var1 + ' ' 
                          + @d3 + ''' where user_name=''' + @d1 + '''  ' 

                EXEC (@var) 
            END 

          FETCH next FROM perm_cur INTO @d1, @d2, @d3 
      END 

    CLOSE perm_cur 

    DEALLOCATE perm_cur 

    SELECT * 
    FROM   ##db_name 

    DROP TABLE ##db_name 

    DROP TABLE #permission 
4

Terima kasih banyak untuk skrip audit yang luar biasa.

Saya sangat merekomendasikan untuk pengguna audit menggunakan prosedur tersimpan Kenneth Fisher ( b | t ) yang mengagumkan:

1

Sayangnya saya tidak dapat mengomentari pos Sean Rose karena reputasi yang tidak mencukupi, namun saya harus mengubah bagian peran "publik" dari skrip karena tidak menunjukkan izin ruang lingkup SCHEMA karena (INNER) GABUNG melawan sys. benda. Setelah itu diubah menjadi LEFT JOIN, saya harus mengubah logika WHERE-clause untuk menghilangkan objek sistem. Permintaan saya yang diubah untuk izin publik ada di bawah.

--3) List all access provisioned to the public role, which everyone gets by default
    SELECT
        @@servername ServerName
        , db_name() DatabaseName
        , [UserType]         = '{All Users}',
        [DatabaseUserName] = '{All Users}',
        [LoginName]        = '{All Users}',
        [Role]             = roleprinc.[name],
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Roles
        sys.database_principals            AS roleprinc
        --Role permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        --All objects
        LEFT JOIN sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        roleprinc.[type] = 'R'
        AND roleprinc.[name] = 'public'
        AND isnull(obj.[is_ms_shipped], 0) = 0
        AND isnull(object_schema_name(perm.[major_id]), '') <> 'sys'

ORDER BY
    [UserType],
    [DatabaseUserName],
    [LoginName],
    [Role],
    [Schema],
    [ObjectName],
    [ColumnName],
    [PermissionType],
    [PermissionState],
    [ObjectType]
0
Bugmeister

Saya mencoba hampir semua ini tetapi saya segera memperhatikan bahwa ada beberapa yang hilang, terutama pengguna sysadmin. Memiliki lubang seperti itu tidak akan terlihat bagus dalam audit kami yang akan datang, jadi inilah yang saya hasilkan

USE master
GO

SELECT DISTINCT 
        p.name AS [loginname] ,
        --p.type,
        p.type_desc ,
        p.is_disabled,
        s.sysadmin,
        sp.permission_name
FROM sys.server_principals p
INNER JOIN sys.syslogins s ON p.sid = s.sid
INNER JOIN sys.server_permissions sp ON p.principal_id = sp.grantee_principal_id
WHERE p.type_desc IN ('SQL_LOGIN', 'WINDOWS_LOGIN', 'WINDOWS_GROUP')
    -- Logins that are not process logins
    AND p.name NOT LIKE '##%'
ORDER BY p.name
GO
0
Greg Sipes