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Baca file XML di SQL Server 2008

Bagaimana saya bisa membaca file XML dan menyimpan data dalam XML ke tabel kami di SQL Server 2008?

12
pooja

XML berbasis parse node ini. Berbeda dengan membaca atribut tetapi tidak seperti biasa

Saya memiliki ini tergeletak di sekitar sebagai demo dengan 3 pertanyaan XPath yang sedikit berbeda

DECLARE @foo XML

SELECT @foo = N'
<harrys>
    <harry>
        <fish>0.015000000000</fish>
        <bicycle>2008-10-31T00:00:00+01:00</bicycle>
        <foo>ü</foo>
    </harry>
    <harry>
        <fish>0.025000000000</fish>
        <bicycle>2008-08-31T00:00:00+01:00</bicycle>
        <foo>ä</foo>
    </harry>
</harrys>
'

SELECT
    CAST(CAST(y.item.query('data(fish)') AS varchar(30)) AS float),
    CAST(LEFT(CAST(y.item.query('data(bicycle)') AS char(25)), 10) AS smalldatetime),
    CAST(y.item.query('data(foo)') AS varchar(25))
FROM
    @foo.nodes('/*') x(item)
    CROSS APPLY
    x.item.nodes('./*') AS y(item)

SELECT
    CAST(CAST(x.item.query('data(fish)') AS varchar(30)) AS float),
    CAST(LEFT(CAST(x.item.query('data(bicycle)') AS char(25)), 10) AS smalldatetime),
    CAST(x.item.query('data(foo)') AS varchar(25))
FROM
    @foo.nodes('harrys/harry') x(item)

SELECT
    CAST(CAST(y.item.query('data(fish)') AS varchar(30)) AS float),
    CAST(LEFT(CAST(y.item.query('data(bicycle)') AS char(25)), 10) AS smalldatetime),
    CAST(y.item.query('data(foo)') AS varchar(25))
FROM
    @foo.nodes('/harrys') x(item)
    CROSS APPLY
    x.item.nodes('./harry') AS y(item)
6
gbn

Saya sudah mencobanya dengan jawaban di atas. Cobalah,

XML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> 
- <FundingSought xml:lang="en">
- <Fund>
  <FundName>sdfdsfd</FundName> 
  <FundValue>1</FundValue> 
  </Fund>
- <Fund>
  <FundName>dfdgfdg</FundName> 
  <FundValue>2</FundValue> 
  </Fund>
- <Fund>
  <FundName>fghghh</FundName> 
  <FundValue>3</FundValue> 
  </Fund>
- <Fund>
  <FundName>sdfdgg</FundName> 
  <FundValue>4</FundValue> 
  </Fund>
- <Fund>
  <FundName>hgfhh</FundName> 
  <FundValue>5</FundValue> 
  </Fund>
- <Fund>
  <FundName>fghgh</FundName> 
  <FundValue>6</FundValue> 
  </Fund>
- <Fund>
  <FundName>ghhhh</FundName> 
  <FundValue>7</FundValue> 
  </Fund>
- <Fund>
  <FundName>hfghh</FundName> 
  <FundValue>8</FundValue> 
  </Fund>
  </FundingSought>

SQL:

CREATE TABLE #XmlImportTest(
xmlFileName VARCHAR(300) NOT NULL,
xml_data XML NOT NULL
)
GO

DECLARE @xmlFileName VARCHAR(300)

SELECT @xmlFileName = 'C:\FundingSought.xml'

--– dynamic sql is just so we can use @xmlFileName variable in OPENROWSET

EXEC('INSERT INTO #XmlImportTest(xmlFileName, xml_data)

SELECT ''' + @xmlFileName + ''', xmlData
FROM(
SELECT *
FROM OPENROWSET (BULK ''' + @xmlFileName + ''', SINGLE_BLOB) AS XMLDATA
) AS FileImport (XMLDATA)
')
GO


DECLARE @foo XML


SET @foo = (SELECT xml_data from #XmlImportTest)


SELECT
    CAST(y.item.query('data(FundName)') AS varchar(30)),
    CAST(y.item.query('data(FundValue)') AS char(25))

FROM
    @foo.nodes('/*') x(item)
    CROSS APPLY
    x.item.nodes('./*') AS y(item)
5
pooja

Necromancing:

Dari string:

SELECT 
    --myTempTable.XmlCol.value('.', 'varchar(36)') AS val 
     myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./ID').value('.', 'varchar(36)') AS ID 
    ,myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./Name').value('.', 'nvarchar(MAX)') AS Name 
    ,myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./RFC').value('.', 'nvarchar(MAX)') AS RFC 
    ,myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./Text').value('.', 'nvarchar(MAX)') AS Text 
    ,myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./Desc').value('.', 'nvarchar(MAX)') AS Description 
FROM 
(
    SELECT  
        CAST('<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
        <data-set>
            <record>
                <ID>1</ID>
                <Name>A</Name>
                <RFC>RFC 1035[1]</RFC>
                <Text>Address record</Text>
                <Desc>Returns a 32-bit IPv4 address, most commonly used to map hostnames to an IP address of the Host, but it is also used for DNSBLs, storing subnet masks in RFC 1101, etc.</Desc>
            </record>
            <record>
                <ID>2</ID>
                <Name>NS</Name>
                <RFC>RFC 1035[1]</RFC>
                <Text>Name server record</Text>
                <Desc>Delegates a DNS zone to use the given authoritative name servers</Desc>
            </record>
        </data-set>
        ' AS xml) AS RawXml
) AS b 
--CROSS APPLY b.RawXml.nodes('//record/ID') myTempTable(XmlCol);
CROSS APPLY b.RawXml.nodes('//record') myTempTable(XmlCol);

Dari file:

SELECT 
    --myTempTable.XmlCol.value('.', 'varchar(36)') AS val 
     myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./ID').value('.', 'varchar(36)') AS ID 
    ,myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./Name').value('.', 'nvarchar(MAX)') AS Name 
    ,myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./RFC').value('.', 'nvarchar(MAX)') AS RFC 
    ,myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./Text').value('.', 'nvarchar(MAX)') AS Text 
    ,myTempTable.XmlCol.query('./Desc').value('.', 'nvarchar(MAX)') AS Description 
FROM 
(
    SELECT CONVERT(XML, BulkColumn) AS RawXml 
    FROM OPENROWSET(BULK 'D:\username\Desktop\MyData.xml', SINGLE_BLOB) AS RowSetName 
) AS b 
CROSS APPLY b.RawXml.nodes('//record') myTempTable(XmlCol)

misalnya.

DECLARE @bla varchar(MAX)
SET @bla = 'BED40DFC-F468-46DD-8017-00EF2FA3E4A4,64B59FC5-3F4D-4B0E-9A48-01F3D4F220B0,A611A108-97CA-42F3-A2E1-057165339719,E72D95EA-578F-45FC-88E5-075F66FD726C'

-- http://stackoverflow.com/questions/14712864/how-to-query-values-from-xml-nodes
SELECT 
    x.XmlCol.value('.', 'varchar(36)') AS val 
FROM 
(
    SELECT 
    CAST('<e>' + REPLACE(@bla, ',', '</e><e>') + '</e>' AS xml) AS RawXml
) AS b 
CROSS APPLY b.RawXml.nodes('e') x(XmlCol);

Jadi Anda dapat memiliki fungsi seperti

SELECT * FROM MyTable 
WHERE UID IN 
(
    SELECT 
        x.XmlCol.value('.', 'varchar(36)') AS val 
    FROM 
    (
        SELECT 
        CAST('<e>' + REPLACE(@bla, ',', '</e><e>') + '</e>' AS xml) AS RawXml
    ) AS b 
    CROSS APPLY b.RawXml.nodes('e') x(XmlCol)
)
2
Quandary

Saya hanya akan menambahkan jawaban sehingga Anda tahu Anda punya pilihan lain. Anda juga dapat menggunakan OPENXML untuk membaca data xml. Ini adalah cara untuk melakukannya di versi SQL Server yang lebih lama. Itu tidak sempurna, tetapi berhasil. Dan mudah untuk menyalahgunakan :-). Bandingkan saja paket dua xml identik yang diperlakukan dengan kueri XPATH (jawaban gbn) dibandingkan dengan OPENXML atau OPENROWSET. Saya akan menggunakan contoh dari artikel MSDN sekarang, tetapi Anda bisa mendapatkan gambaran lengkapnya:

DECLARE @idoc int
DECLARE @doc varchar(1000)

SET @doc ='
<ROOT>
<Customer CustomerID="VINET" ContactName="Paul Henriot">
   <Order CustomerID="VINET" EmployeeID="5" OrderDate="1996-07-04T00:00:00">
      <OrderDetail OrderID="10248" ProductID="11" Quantity="12"/>
      <OrderDetail OrderID="10248" ProductID="42" Quantity="10"/>
   </Order>
</Customer>
</ROOT>'

--Create an internal representation of the XML document.
EXEC sp_xml_preparedocument @idoc OUTPUT, @doc

-- Execute a SELECT statement that uses the OPENXML rowset provider.
SELECT    *
FROM       OPENXML (@idoc, '/ROOT/Customer',1)
            WITH (CustomerID  varchar(10),
                  ContactName varchar(20))
1
Marian