it-swarm.asia

كيفية تقسيم قيمة مفصولة بفواصل إلى أعمدة

لدي جدول مثل هذا

Value   String
-------------------
1       Cleo, Smith

أريد فصل السلسلة المحددة بفواصل في عمودين

Value  Name Surname
-------------------
1      Cleo   Smith

أحتاج فقط عمودين إضافيين ثابتين

112
Gurru
CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[fn_split_string_to_column] (
    @string NVARCHAR(MAX),
    @delimiter CHAR(1)
    )
RETURNS @out_put TABLE (
    [column_id] INT IDENTITY(1, 1) NOT NULL,
    [value] NVARCHAR(MAX)
    )
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @value NVARCHAR(MAX),
        @pos INT = 0,
        @len INT = 0

    SET @string = CASE 
            WHEN RIGHT(@string, 1) != @delimiter
                THEN @string + @delimiter
            ELSE @string
            END

    WHILE CHARINDEX(@delimiter, @string, @pos + 1) > 0
    BEGIN
        SET @len = CHARINDEX(@delimiter, @string, @pos + 1) - @pos
        SET @value = SUBSTRING(@string, @pos, @len)

        INSERT INTO @out_put ([value])
        SELECT LTRIM(RTRIM(@value)) AS [column]

        SET @pos = CHARINDEX(@delimiter, @string, @pos + @len) + 1
    END

    RETURN
END
0
Blixter

يمكن حل الغرض الخاص بك باستخدام الاستعلام التالي -

Select Value  , Substring(FullName, 1,Charindex(',', FullName)-1) as Name,
Substring(FullName, Charindex(',', FullName)+1, LEN(FullName)) as  Surname
from Table1

لا توجد وظيفة تقسيم جاهزة في خادم sql ، لذلك نحن بحاجة إلى إنشاء وظيفة يحددها المستخدم.

CREATE FUNCTION Split (
      @InputString                  VARCHAR(8000),
      @Delimiter                    VARCHAR(50)
)

RETURNS @Items TABLE (
      Item                          VARCHAR(8000)
)

AS
BEGIN
      IF @Delimiter = ' '
      BEGIN
            SET @Delimiter = ','
            SET @InputString = REPLACE(@InputString, ' ', @Delimiter)
      END

      IF (@Delimiter IS NULL OR @Delimiter = '')
            SET @Delimiter = ','

--INSERT INTO @Items VALUES (@Delimiter) -- Diagnostic
--INSERT INTO @Items VALUES (@InputString) -- Diagnostic

      DECLARE @Item           VARCHAR(8000)
      DECLARE @ItemList       VARCHAR(8000)
      DECLARE @DelimIndex     INT

      SET @ItemList = @InputString
      SET @DelimIndex = CHARINDEX(@Delimiter, @ItemList, 0)
      WHILE (@DelimIndex != 0)
      BEGIN
            SET @Item = SUBSTRING(@ItemList, 0, @DelimIndex)
            INSERT INTO @Items VALUES (@Item)

            -- Set @ItemList = @ItemList minus one less item
            SET @ItemList = SUBSTRING(@ItemList, @DelimIndex+1, LEN(@ItemList)[email protected])
            SET @DelimIndex = CHARINDEX(@Delimiter, @ItemList, 0)
      END -- End WHILE

      IF @Item IS NOT NULL -- At least one delimiter was encountered in @InputString
      BEGIN
            SET @Item = @ItemList
            INSERT INTO @Items VALUES (@Item)
      END

      -- No delimiters were encountered in @InputString, so just return @InputString
      ELSE INSERT INTO @Items VALUES (@InputString)

      RETURN

END -- End Function
GO

---- Set Permissions
--GRANT SELECT ON Split TO UserRole1
--GRANT SELECT ON Split TO UserRole2
--GO
117
Romil Kumar Jain
;WITH Split_Names (Value,Name, xmlname)
AS
(
    SELECT Value,
    Name,
    CONVERT(XML,'<Names><name>'  
    + REPLACE(Name,',', '</name><name>') + '</name></Names>') AS xmlname
      FROM tblnames
)

 SELECT Value,      
 xmlname.value('/Names[1]/name[1]','varchar(100)') AS Name,    
 xmlname.value('/Names[1]/name[2]','varchar(100)') AS Surname
 FROM Split_Names

وأيضا التحقق من الرابط أدناه لتكون مرجعا

http://jahaines.blogspot.in/2009/06/converting-delimited-string-of-values.html

40
bvr

الجواب قاعدة XML بسيطة ونظيفة

الرجوع هذا

DECLARE @S varchar(max),
        @Split char(1),
        @X xml

SELECT @S = 'ab,cd,ef,gh,ij',
       @Split = ','

SELECT @X = CONVERT(xml,' <root> <myvalue>' +
REPLACE(@S,@Split,'</myvalue> <myvalue>') + '</myvalue>   </root> ')

SELECT  T.c.value('.','varchar(20)'),              --retrieve ALL values at once
  T.c.value('(/root/myvalue)[1]','VARCHAR(20)')  , --retrieve index 1 only, which is the 'ab'
  T.c.value('(/root/myvalue)[2]','VARCHAR(20)'),
  T.c.value('(/root/myvalue)[3]','VARCHAR(20)')
 FROM @X.nodes('/root/myvalue') T(c)
37
aads

أعتقد أن هذا رائع

SELECT value,
    PARSENAME(REPLACE(String,',','.'),2) 'Name' ,
    PARSENAME(REPLACE(String,',','.'),1) 'Sur Name'
FROM table WITH (NOLOCK)
23
Azar

مع الصليب تطبيق

select ParsedData.* 
from MyTable mt
cross apply ( select str = mt.String + ',,' ) f1
cross apply ( select p1 = charindex( ',', str ) ) ap1
cross apply ( select p2 = charindex( ',', str, p1 + 1 ) ) ap2
cross apply ( select Nmame = substring( str, 1, p1-1 )                   
                 , Surname = substring( str, p1+1, p2-p1-1 )
          ) ParsedData
23
Lavisa

هناك طرق متعددة لحل هذا وقد تم بالفعل اقتراح العديد من الطرق المختلفة. سيكون أبسط استخدام LEFT/SUBSTRING ووظائف السلسلة الأخرى لتحقيق النتيجة المرجوة.

بيانات العينة

DECLARE @tbl1 TABLE (Value INT,String VARCHAR(MAX))

INSERT INTO @tbl1 VALUES(1,'Cleo, Smith');
INSERT INTO @tbl1 VALUES(2,'John, Mathew');

استخدام دالات السلسلة مثل LEFT

SELECT
    Value,
    LEFT(String,CHARINDEX(',',String)-1) as Fname,
    LTRIM(RIGHT(String,LEN(String) - CHARINDEX(',',String) )) AS Lname
FROM @tbl1

فشل هذا النهج إذا كان هناك أكثر من عنصرين في سلسلة. في مثل هذا السيناريو ، يمكننا استخدام التقسيم ثم استخدام PIVOT أو تحويل السلسلة إلى XML واستخدام .nodes للحصول على عناصر السلسلة. XML حل تم تفصيلها من قبل aads و bvr في حلها.

الإجابات عن هذا السؤال التي تستخدم التقسيم ، وكلها تستخدم WHILE وهو غير فعال للتقسيم. حدد هذا مقارنة الأداء . أحد أفضل التقسيمات هو DelimitedSplit8K ، الذي أنشأه Jeff Moden. يمكنك قراءة المزيد عن ذلك هنا

الفاصل مع PIVOT

DECLARE @tbl1 TABLE (Value INT,String VARCHAR(MAX))

INSERT INTO @tbl1 VALUES(1,'Cleo, Smith');
INSERT INTO @tbl1 VALUES(2,'John, Mathew');


SELECT t3.Value,[1] as Fname,[2] as Lname
FROM @tbl1 as t1
CROSS APPLY [dbo].[DelimitedSplit8K](String,',') as t2
PIVOT(MAX(Item) FOR ItemNumber IN ([1],[2])) as t3

الإخراج

Value   Fname   Lname
1   Cleo    Smith
2   John    Mathew

DelimitedSplit8Kبواسطة Jeff Moden

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[DelimitedSplit8K]
/**********************************************************************************************************************
 Purpose:
 Split a given string at a given delimiter and return a list of the split elements (items).

 Notes:
 1.  Leading a trailing delimiters are treated as if an empty string element were present.
 2.  Consecutive delimiters are treated as if an empty string element were present between them.
 3.  Except when spaces are used as a delimiter, all spaces present in each element are preserved.

 Returns:
 iTVF containing the following:
 ItemNumber = Element position of Item as a BIGINT (not converted to INT to eliminate a CAST)
 Item       = Element value as a VARCHAR(8000)

 Statistics on this function may be found at the following URL:
 http://www.sqlservercentral.com/Forums/Topic1101315-203-4.aspx

 CROSS APPLY Usage Examples and Tests:
--=====================================================================================================================
-- TEST 1:
-- This tests for various possible conditions in a string using a comma as the delimiter.  The expected results are
-- laid out in the comments
--=====================================================================================================================
--===== Conditionally drop the test tables to make reruns easier for testing.
     -- (this is NOT a part of the solution)
     IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#JBMTest') IS NOT NULL DROP TABLE #JBMTest
;
--===== Create and populate a test table on the fly (this is NOT a part of the solution).
     -- In the following comments, "b" is a blank and "E" is an element in the left to right order.
     -- Double Quotes are used to encapsulate the output of "Item" so that you can see that all blanks
     -- are preserved no matter where they may appear.
 SELECT *
   INTO #JBMTest
   FROM (                                               --# & type of Return Row(s)
         SELECT  0, NULL                      UNION ALL --1 NULL
         SELECT  1, SPACE(0)                  UNION ALL --1 b (Empty String)
         SELECT  2, SPACE(1)                  UNION ALL --1 b (1 space)
         SELECT  3, SPACE(5)                  UNION ALL --1 b (5 spaces)
         SELECT  4, ','                       UNION ALL --2 b b (both are empty strings)
         SELECT  5, '55555'                   UNION ALL --1 E
         SELECT  6, ',55555'                  UNION ALL --2 b E
         SELECT  7, ',55555,'                 UNION ALL --3 b E b
         SELECT  8, '55555,'                  UNION ALL --2 b B
         SELECT  9, '55555,1'                 UNION ALL --2 E E
         SELECT 10, '1,55555'                 UNION ALL --2 E E
         SELECT 11, '55555,4444,333,22,1'     UNION ALL --5 E E E E E 
         SELECT 12, '55555,4444,,333,22,1'    UNION ALL --6 E E b E E E
         SELECT 13, ',55555,4444,,333,22,1,'  UNION ALL --8 b E E b E E E b
         SELECT 14, ',55555,4444,,,333,22,1,' UNION ALL --9 b E E b b E E E b
         SELECT 15, ' 4444,55555 '            UNION ALL --2 E (w/Leading Space) E (w/Trailing Space)
         SELECT 16, 'This,is,a,test.'                   --E E E E
        ) d (SomeID, SomeValue)
;
--===== Split the CSV column for the whole table using CROSS APPLY (this is the solution)
 SELECT test.SomeID, test.SomeValue, split.ItemNumber, Item = QUOTENAME(split.Item,'"')
   FROM #JBMTest test
  CROSS APPLY dbo.DelimitedSplit8K(test.SomeValue,',') split
;
--=====================================================================================================================
-- TEST 2:
-- This tests for various "alpha" splits and COLLATION using all ASCII characters from 0 to 255 as a delimiter against
-- a given string.  Note that not all of the delimiters will be visible and some will show up as tiny squares because
-- they are "control" characters.  More specifically, this test will show you what happens to various non-accented 
-- letters for your given collation depending on the delimiter you chose.
--=====================================================================================================================
WITH 
cteBuildAllCharacters (String,Delimiter) AS 
(
 SELECT TOP 256 
        'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789',
        CHAR(ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY (SELECT NULL))-1)
   FROM master.sys.all_columns
)
 SELECT ASCII_Value = ASCII(c.Delimiter), c.Delimiter, split.ItemNumber, Item = QUOTENAME(split.Item,'"')
   FROM cteBuildAllCharacters c
  CROSS APPLY dbo.DelimitedSplit8K(c.String,c.Delimiter) split
  ORDER BY ASCII_Value, split.ItemNumber
;
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Other Notes:
 1. Optimized for VARCHAR(8000) or less.  No testing or error reporting for truncation at 8000 characters is done.
 2. Optimized for single character delimiter.  Multi-character delimiters should be resolvedexternally from this 
    function.
 3. Optimized for use with CROSS APPLY.
 4. Does not "trim" elements just in case leading or trailing blanks are intended.
 5. If you don't know how a Tally table can be used to replace loops, please see the following...
    http://www.sqlservercentral.com/articles/T-SQL/62867/
 6. Changing this function to use NVARCHAR(MAX) will cause it to run twice as slow.  It's just the nature of 
    VARCHAR(MAX) whether it fits in-row or not.
 7. Multi-machine testing for the method of using UNPIVOT instead of 10 SELECT/UNION ALLs shows that the UNPIVOT method
    is quite machine dependent and can slow things down quite a bit.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Credits:
 This code is the product of many people's efforts including but not limited to the following:
 cteTally concept originally by Iztek Ben Gan and "decimalized" by Lynn Pettis (and others) for a bit of extra speed
 and finally redacted by Jeff Moden for a different slant on readability and compactness. Hat's off to Paul White for
 his simple explanations of CROSS APPLY and for his detailed testing efforts. Last but not least, thanks to
 Ron "BitBucket" McCullough and Wayne Sheffield for their extreme performance testing across multiple machines and
 versions of SQL Server.  The latest improvement brought an additional 15-20% improvement over Rev 05.  Special thanks
 to "Nadrek" and "peter-757102" (aka Peter de Heer) for bringing such improvements to light.  Nadrek's original
 improvement brought about a 10% performance gain and Peter followed that up with the content of Rev 07.  

 I also thank whoever wrote the first article I ever saw on "numbers tables" which is located at the following URL
 and to Adam Machanic for leading me to it many years ago.
 http://sqlserver2000.databases.aspfaq.com/why-should-i-consider-using-an-auxiliary-numbers-table.html
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Revision History:
 Rev 00 - 20 Jan 2010 - Concept for inline cteTally: Lynn Pettis and others.
                        Redaction/Implementation: Jeff Moden 
        - Base 10 redaction and reduction for CTE.  (Total rewrite)

 Rev 01 - 13 Mar 2010 - Jeff Moden
        - Removed one additional concatenation and one subtraction from the SUBSTRING in the SELECT List for that tiny
          bit of extra speed.

 Rev 02 - 14 Apr 2010 - Jeff Moden
        - No code changes.  Added CROSS APPLY usage example to the header, some additional credits, and extra 
          documentation.

 Rev 03 - 18 Apr 2010 - Jeff Moden
        - No code changes.  Added notes 7, 8, and 9 about certain "optimizations" that don't actually work for this
          type of function.

 Rev 04 - 29 Jun 2010 - Jeff Moden
        - Added WITH SCHEMABINDING thanks to a note by Paul White.  This prevents an unnecessary "Table Spool" when the
          function is used in an UPDATE statement even though the function makes no external references.

 Rev 05 - 02 Apr 2011 - Jeff Moden
        - Rewritten for extreme performance improvement especially for larger strings approaching the 8K boundary and
          for strings that have wider elements.  The redaction of this code involved removing ALL concatenation of 
          delimiters, optimization of the maximum "N" value by using TOP instead of including it in the WHERE clause,
          and the reduction of all previous calculations (thanks to the switch to a "zero based" cteTally) to just one 
          instance of one add and one instance of a subtract. The length calculation for the final element (not 
          followed by a delimiter) in the string to be split has been greatly simplified by using the ISNULL/NULLIF 
          combination to determine when the CHARINDEX returned a 0 which indicates there are no more delimiters to be
          had or to start with. Depending on the width of the elements, this code is between 4 and 8 times faster on a
          single CPU box than the original code especially near the 8K boundary.
        - Modified comments to include more sanity checks on the usage example, etc.
        - Removed "other" notes 8 and 9 as they were no longer applicable.

 Rev 06 - 12 Apr 2011 - Jeff Moden
        - Based on a suggestion by Ron "Bitbucket" McCullough, additional test rows were added to the sample code and
          the code was changed to encapsulate the output in pipes so that spaces and empty strings could be perceived 
          in the output.  The first "Notes" section was added.  Finally, an extra test was added to the comments above.

 Rev 07 - 06 May 2011 - Peter de Heer, a further 15-20% performance enhancement has been discovered and incorporated 
          into this code which also eliminated the need for a "zero" position in the cteTally table. 
**********************************************************************************************************************/
--===== Define I/O parameters
        (@pString VARCHAR(8000), @pDelimiter CHAR(1))
RETURNS TABLE WITH SCHEMABINDING AS
 RETURN
--===== "Inline" CTE Driven "Tally Table" produces values from 0 up to 10,000...
     -- enough to cover NVARCHAR(4000)
  WITH E1(N) AS (
                 SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL 
                 SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL 
                 SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1
                ),                          --10E+1 or 10 rows
       E2(N) AS (SELECT 1 FROM E1 a, E1 b), --10E+2 or 100 rows
       E4(N) AS (SELECT 1 FROM E2 a, E2 b), --10E+4 or 10,000 rows max
 cteTally(N) AS (--==== This provides the "base" CTE and limits the number of rows right up front
                     -- for both a performance gain and prevention of accidental "overruns"
                 SELECT TOP (ISNULL(DATALENGTH(@pString),0)) ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY (SELECT NULL)) FROM E4
                ),
cteStart(N1) AS (--==== This returns N+1 (starting position of each "element" just once for each delimiter)
                 SELECT 1 UNION ALL
                 SELECT t.N+1 FROM cteTally t WHERE SUBSTRING(@pString,t.N,1) = @pDelimiter
                ),
cteLen(N1,L1) AS(--==== Return start and length (for use in substring)
                 SELECT s.N1,
                        ISNULL(NULLIF(CHARINDEX(@pDelimiter,@pString,s.N1),0)-s.N1,8000)
                   FROM cteStart s
                )
--===== Do the actual split. The ISNULL/NULLIF combo handles the length for the final element when no delimiter is found.
 SELECT ItemNumber = ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY l.N1),
        Item       = SUBSTRING(@pString, l.N1, l.L1)
   FROM cteLen l
;

GO
15
ughai

جرب هذا (غيِّر مثيلات من "إلى" ، أو أي محدد تريد استخدامه)

CREATE FUNCTION dbo.Wordparser
(
  @multiwordstring VARCHAR(255),
  @wordnumber      NUMERIC
)
returns VARCHAR(255)
AS
  BEGIN
      DECLARE @remainingstring VARCHAR(255)
      SET @[email protected]

      DECLARE @numberofwords NUMERIC
      SET @numberofwords=(LEN(@remainingstring) - LEN(REPLACE(@remainingstring, ' ', '')) + 1)

      DECLARE @Word VARCHAR(50)
      DECLARE @parsedwords TABLE
      (
         line NUMERIC IDENTITY(1, 1),
         Word VARCHAR(255)
      )

      WHILE @numberofwords > 1
        BEGIN
            SET @Word=LEFT(@remainingstring, CHARINDEX(' ', @remainingstring) - 1)

            INSERT INTO @parsedwords(Word)
            SELECT @Word

            SET @remainingstring= REPLACE(@remainingstring, Concat(@Word, ' '), '')
            SET @numberofwords=(LEN(@remainingstring) - LEN(REPLACE(@remainingstring, ' ', '')) + 1)

            IF @numberofwords = 1
              BREAK

            ELSE
              CONTINUE
        END

      IF @numberofwords = 1
        SELECT @Word = @remainingstring
      INSERT INTO @parsedwords(Word)
      SELECT @Word

      RETURN
        (SELECT Word
         FROM   @parsedwords
         WHERE  line = @wordnumber)

  END

مثال للاستخدام:

SELECT dbo.Wordparser(COLUMN, 1),
       dbo.Wordparser(COLUMN, 2),
       dbo.Wordparser(COLUMN, 3)
FROM   TABLE
14
user7347410

أعتقد أن PARSENAME هي الوظيفة الأنيقة التي يجب استخدامها لهذا المثال ، كما هو موضح في هذه المقالة: http://www.sqlshack.com/parsing-and-rotating-delimited-data-in-sql-server-2012/

تم تصميم الدالة PARSENAME منطقياً لتحليل أسماء الكائنات المكونة من أربعة أجزاء. الشيء الجميل في PARSENAME هو أنه لا يقتصر على تحليل أسماء الكائنات المكونة من أربعة أجزاء فقط لـ SQL Server - بل سيتم تحليل أي دالة أو بيانات سلسلة محددة بواسطة النقاط.

المعلمة الأولى هي الكائن المطلوب تحليله ، والثاني هو قيمة عدد صحيح من قطعة الكائن المراد إرجاعها. يناقش المقال تحليل وتوزيع البيانات المحددة - أرقام هواتف الشركة ، ولكن يمكن استخدامه لتحليل بيانات الاسم/اللقب أيضًا.

مثال:

USE COMPANY;
SELECT PARSENAME('Whatever.you.want.parsed',3) AS 'ReturnValue';

توضح المقالة أيضًا استخدام Common Table Expression (CTE) يسمى "replaceChars" ، لتشغيل PARSENAME مقابل القيم التي تم استبدال المحدد لها. CTE مفيد لإرجاع طريقة عرض مؤقتة أو مجموعة نتائج.

بعد ذلك ، تم استخدام وظيفة UNPIVOT لتحويل بعض الأعمدة إلى صفوف ؛ تم استخدام الدالتين SUBSTRING و CHARINDEX لتنظيف التناقضات في البيانات ، وقد تم استخدام وظيفة LAG (الجديدة في SQL Server 2012) في النهاية ، لأنها تتيح الرجوع إلى السجلات السابقة.

10
JasonP

باستخدام SQL Server 2016 ، يمكننا استخدام string_split لإنجاز هذا:

create table commasep (
 id int identity(1,1)
 ,string nvarchar(100) )

insert into commasep (string) values ('John, Adam'), ('test1,test2,test3')

select id, [value] as String from commasep 
 cross apply string_split(string,',')
10
Kannan Kandasamy

يمكننا إنشاء وظيفة كهذا

CREATE Function [dbo].[fn_CSVToTable] 
(
    @CSVList Varchar(max)
)
RETURNS @Table TABLE (ColumnData VARCHAR(100))
AS
BEGIN
    IF RIGHT(@CSVList, 1) <> ','
    SELECT @CSVList = @CSVList + ','

    DECLARE @Pos    BIGINT,
            @OldPos BIGINT
    SELECT  @Pos    = 1,
            @OldPos = 1

    WHILE   @Pos < LEN(@CSVList)
        BEGIN
            SELECT  @Pos = CHARINDEX(',', @CSVList, @OldPos)
            INSERT INTO @Table
            SELECT  LTRIM(RTRIM(SUBSTRING(@CSVList, @OldPos, @Pos - @OldPos))) Col001

            SELECT  @OldPos = @Pos + 1
        END

    RETURN
END

يمكننا بعد ذلك فصل قيم CSV في الأعمدة الخاصة بنا باستخدام عبارة SELECT

9
Himansz

أعتقد أن الوظيفة التالية ستعمل من أجلك:

يجب عليك إنشاء دالة في SQL أولاً. مثله

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[fn_split](
@str VARCHAR(MAX),
@delimiter CHAR(1)
)
RETURNS @returnTable TABLE (idx INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, item VARCHAR(8000))
AS
BEGIN
DECLARE @pos INT
SELECT @str = @str + @delimiter
WHILE LEN(@str) > 0 
    BEGIN
        SELECT @pos = CHARINDEX(@delimiter,@str)
        IF @pos = 1
            INSERT @returnTable (item)
                VALUES (NULL)
        ELSE
            INSERT @returnTable (item)
                VALUES (SUBSTRING(@str, 1, @pos-1))
        SELECT @str = SUBSTRING(@str, @pos+1, LEN(@str)[email protected])       
    END
RETURN
END

يمكنك استدعاء هذه الوظيفة ، مثل هذا:

select * from fn_split('1,24,5',',')

التنفيذ:

Declare @test TABLE (
ID VARCHAR(200),
Data VARCHAR(200)
)

insert into @test 
(ID, Data)
Values
('1','Cleo,Smith')


insert into @test 
(ID, Data)
Values
('2','Paul,Grim')

select ID,
(select item from fn_split(Data,',') where idx in (1)) as Name ,
(select item from fn_split(Data,',') where idx in (2)) as Surname
 from @test

النتيجة سوف تحب هذا:

 enter image description here

7
Muhammad Awais

استخدم Parsename () وظيفة

with cte as(
    select 'Aria,Karimi' as FullName
    Union
    select 'Joe,Karimi' as FullName
    Union
    select 'Bab,Karimi' as FullName
)

SELECT PARSENAME(REPLACE(FullName,',','.'),2) as Name, 
       PARSENAME(REPLACE(FullName,',','.'),1) as Family
    FROM cte

نتيجة

Name    Family
-----   ------
Aria    Karimi
Bab     Karimi
Joe     Karimi
6
Mirak

جرب هذا:

declare @csv varchar(100) ='aaa,bb,csda,daass';
set @csv = @csv+',';

with cte as
(
    select SUBSTRING(@csv,1,charindex(',',@csv,1)-1) as val, SUBSTRING(@csv,charindex(',',@csv,1)+1,len(@csv)) as rem 
    UNION ALL
    select SUBSTRING(a.rem,1,charindex(',',a.rem,1)-1)as val, SUBSTRING(a.rem,charindex(',',a.rem,1)+1,len(A.rem)) 
    from cte a where LEN(a.rem)>=1
    ) select val from cte
5
Rangani

باستخدام وظيفة instring :)

select Value, 
       substring(String,1,instr(String," ") -1) Fname,  
       substring(String,instr(String,",") +1) Sname 
from tablename;

تستخدم وظيفتين ،
(1). substring(string, position, length) ==> تقوم بإرجاع السلسلة من positon إلى الطول
(2). instr(string,pattern) ==> تقوم بإرجاع موضع النمط.

إذا لم نوفر وسيطة طول في سلسلة فرعية ، فستعود حتى نهاية السلسلة

4
WoodChopper
SELECT id,
       Substring(NAME, 0, Charindex(',', NAME))             AS firstname,
       Substring(NAME, Charindex(',', NAME), Len(NAME) + 1) AS lastname
FROM   spilt  
4
anonymous
DECLARE @INPUT VARCHAR (MAX)='N,A,R,E,N,D,R,A'
DECLARE @ELIMINATE_CHAR CHAR (1)=','
DECLARE @L_START INT=1
DECLARE @L_END INT=(SELECT LEN (@INPUT))
DECLARE @OUTPUT CHAR (1)

WHILE @L_START <[email protected]_END
BEGIN
    SET @OUTPUT=(SUBSTRING (@INPUT,@L_START,1))
    IF @[email protected]_CHAR
    BEGIN
        PRINT @OUTPUT
    END
    SET @[email protected]_START+1
END
3
Narendra gudapati

يمكنك استخدام دالة STRING_SPLIT المضمنة والتي تتوفر فقط تحت مستوى التوافق 130. إذا كان مستوى توافق قاعدة البيانات لديك أقل من 130 ، فلن يتمكن SQL Server من العثور على وظيفة STRING_SPLIT وتنفيذها. يمكنك تغيير مستوى توافق قاعدة البيانات باستخدام الأمر التالي:

ALTER DATABASE DatabaseName SET COMPATIBILITY_LEVEL = 130

بناء الجملة

STRING_SPLIT ( string , separator )

انظر الوثائق هنا

3
bwanamaina

لقد واجهت مشكلة مماثلة ولكن مشكلة معقدة ولأن هذا هو أول موضوع وجدت بشأن هذه المشكلة قررت نشر نتائجي. أعلم أنه حل معقد لمشكلة بسيطة ، لكنني آمل أن أتمكن من مساعدة الآخرين الذين يذهبون إلى هذا الخيط في البحث عن حل أكثر تعقيدًا. اضطررت إلى تقسيم سلسلة تحتوي على 5 أرقام (اسم العمود: levelsFeed) وإظهار كل رقم في عمود منفصل. على سبيل المثال: يجب أن تظهر 8،1،2،2،2 على النحو التالي:

1  2  3  4  5
-------------
8  1  2  2  2

الحل 1: استخدام وظائف XML: هذا الحل لأبطأ الحلول إلى حد بعيد

SELECT Distinct FeedbackID, 
, S.a.value('(/H/r)[1]', 'INT') AS level1
, S.a.value('(/H/r)[2]', 'INT') AS level2
, S.a.value('(/H/r)[3]', 'INT') AS level3
, S.a.value('(/H/r)[4]', 'INT') AS level4
, S.a.value('(/H/r)[5]', 'INT') AS level5
FROM (            
    SELECT *,CAST (N'<H><r>' + REPLACE(levelsFeed, ',', '</r><r>')  + '</r> </H>' AS XML) AS [vals]
    FROM Feedbacks 
)  as d
CROSS APPLY d.[vals].nodes('/H/r') S(a)

الحل 2: استخدام وظيفة الانقسام والمحور. (انقسام وظيفة تقسيم سلسلة إلى صفوف مع اسم العمود البيانات)

SELECT FeedbackID, [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
FROM (
    SELECT *, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY feedbackID ORDER BY (SELECT  null)) as rn 
FROM (
    SELECT FeedbackID, levelsFeed
    FROM Feedbacks 
) as a
CROSS APPLY dbo.Split(levelsFeed, ',')
) as SourceTable
PIVOT
(
    MAX(data)
    FOR rn IN ([1],[2],[3],[4],[5])
)as pivotTable

الحل 3: استخدام وظائف معالجة السلسلة - أسرع بهامش صغير على الحل 2

SELECT FeedbackID,
SUBSTRING(levelsFeed,0,CHARINDEX(',',levelsFeed)) AS level1,
PARSENAME(REPLACE(SUBSTRING(levelsFeed,CHARINDEX(',',levelsFeed)+1,LEN(levelsFeed)),',','.'),4) AS level2,
PARSENAME(REPLACE(SUBSTRING(levelsFeed,CHARINDEX(',',levelsFeed)+1,LEN(levelsFeed)),',','.'),3) AS level3,
PARSENAME(REPLACE(SUBSTRING(levelsFeed,CHARINDEX(',',levelsFeed)+1,LEN(levelsFeed)),',','.'),2) AS level4,
PARSENAME(REPLACE(SUBSTRING(levelsFeed,CHARINDEX(',',levelsFeed)+1,LEN(levelsFeed)),',','.'),1) AS level5
FROM Feedbacks

حيث أن levelsFeed يحتوي على 5 قيم سلاسل مطلوبة لاستخدام وظيفة السلسلة الفرعية للسلسلة الأولى.

آمل أن يساعد حلي الآخرين الذين وصلوا إلى هذا الموضوع بحثًا عن طرق أكثر تعقيدًا إلى الأعمدة

3
Yossi

هذه الوظيفة هي الأكثر سرعة:

CREATE FUNCTION dbo.F_ExtractSubString
(
  @String VARCHAR(MAX),
  @NroSubString INT,
  @Separator VARCHAR(5)
)
RETURNS VARCHAR(MAX) AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @St INT = 0, @End INT = 0, @Ret VARCHAR(MAX)
    SET @String = @String + @Separator
    WHILE CHARINDEX(@Separator, @String, @End + 1) > 0 AND @NroSubString > 0
    BEGIN
        SET @St = @End + 1
        SET @End = CHARINDEX(@Separator, @String, @End + 1)
        SET @NroSubString = @NroSubString - 1
    END
    IF @NroSubString > 0
        SET @Ret = ''
    ELSE
        SET @Ret = SUBSTRING(@String, @St, @End - @St)
    RETURN @Ret
END
GO

مثال للاستخدام:

SELECT dbo.F_ExtractSubString(COLUMN, 1, ', '),
       dbo.F_ExtractSubString(COLUMN, 2, ', '),
       dbo.F_ExtractSubString(COLUMN, 3, ', ')
FROM   TABLE
3
Mariano Sedano
ALTER function get_occurance_index(@delimiter varchar(1),@occurence int,@String varchar(100))
returns int
AS Begin
--Declare @delimiter varchar(1)=',',@occurence int=2,@String varchar(100)='a,b,c'
Declare @result int
 ;with T as (
    select 1 Rno,0 as row, charindex(@delimiter, @String) pos,@String st
    union all
    select Rno+1,pos + 1, charindex(@delimiter, @String, pos + 1), @String
    from T
    where pos > 0
)
select  @result=pos 
from T 
where pos > 0   and rno = @occurence 
return isnull(@result,0)
ENd


declare @data as table (data varchar(100))
insert into @data values('1,2,3') 
insert into @data values('aaa,bbbbb,cccc') 
select top  3 Substring (data,0,dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',1,data)) ,--First Record always starts with 0
Substring (data,dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',1,data)+1,dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',2,data)-dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',1,data)-1) ,
Substring (data,dbo.get_occurance_index( ',',2,data)+1,len(data)) , -- Last record cant be more than len of actual data
data 
From @data 
2
vignesh

قد تجد الحل فيدالة معرف المستخدم SQL لتحليل سلسلة محددةمفيدة (من مشروع التعليمات البرمجية ).

هذا هو جزء الكود من هذه الصفحة:

CREATE FUNCTION [fn_ParseText2Table]
  (@p_SourceText VARCHAR(MAX)
  ,@p_Delimeter VARCHAR(100)=',' --default to comma delimited.
  )
 RETURNS @retTable
  TABLE([Position] INT IDENTITY(1,1)
   ,[Int_Value] INT
   ,[Num_Value] NUMERIC(18,3)
   ,[Txt_Value] VARCHAR(MAX)
   ,[Date_value] DATETIME
   )
AS
/*
********************************************************************************
Purpose: Parse values from a delimited string
  & return the result as an indexed table
Copyright 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003 Clayton Groom (<A href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</A>)
Posted to the public domain Aug, 2004
2003-06-17 Rewritten as SQL 2000 function.
 Reworked to allow for delimiters > 1 character in length
 and to convert Text values to numbers
2016-04-05 Added logic for date values based on "new" ISDATE() function, Updated to use XML approach, which is more efficient.
********************************************************************************
*/


BEGIN
 DECLARE @w_xml xml;
 SET @w_xml = N'<root><i>' + replace(@p_SourceText, @p_Delimeter,'</i><i>') + '</i></root>';


 INSERT INTO @retTable
     ([Int_Value]
    , [Num_Value]
    , [Txt_Value]
    , [Date_value]
     )
     SELECT CASE
       WHEN ISNUMERIC([i].value('.', 'VARCHAR(MAX)')) = 1
       THEN CAST(CAST([i].value('.', 'VARCHAR(MAX)') AS NUMERIC) AS INT)
      END AS [Int_Value]
    , CASE
       WHEN ISNUMERIC([i].value('.', 'VARCHAR(MAX)')) = 1
       THEN CAST([i].value('.', 'VARCHAR(MAX)') AS NUMERIC(18, 3))
      END AS [Num_Value]
    , [i].value('.', 'VARCHAR(MAX)') AS [txt_Value]
    , CASE
       WHEN ISDATE([i].value('.', 'VARCHAR(MAX)')) = 1
       THEN CAST([i].value('.', 'VARCHAR(MAX)') AS DATETIME)
      END AS [Num_Value]
     FROM @w_xml.nodes('//root/i') AS [Items]([i]);
 RETURN;
END;
GO
2
Michael Schnerring

هذا عملت لي

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[SplitString](
    @delimited NVARCHAR(MAX),
    @delimiter NVARCHAR(100)
) RETURNS @t TABLE ( val NVARCHAR(MAX))
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @xml XML
    SET @xml = N'<t>' + REPLACE(@delimited,@delimiter,'</t><t>') + '</t>'
    INSERT INTO @t(val)
    SELECT  r.value('.','varchar(MAX)') as item
    FROM  @xml.nodes('/t') as records(r)
    RETURN
END
2
Krishna

طاولتي:

Value  ColOne
--------------------
1      Cleo, Smith

يجب أن يعمل التالي إذا لم يكن هناك الكثير من الأعمدة

ALTER TABLE mytable ADD ColTwo nvarchar(256);
UPDATE mytable SET ColTwo = LEFT(ColOne, Charindex(',', ColOne) - 1);
--'Cleo' = LEFT('Cleo, Smith', Charindex(',', 'Cleo, Smith') - 1)
UPDATE mytable SET ColTwo = REPLACE(ColOne, ColTwo + ',', '');
--' Smith' = REPLACE('Cleo, Smith', 'Cleo' + ',')
UPDATE mytable SET ColOne = REPLACE(ColOne, ',' + ColTwo, ''), ColTwo = LTRIM(ColTwo);
--'Cleo' = REPLACE('Cleo, Smith', ',' + ' Smith', '') 

نتيجة:

Value  ColOne ColTwo
--------------------
1      Cleo   Smith
2
kolunar

إنه أمر سهل للغاية ، يمكنك أن تأخذه عن طريق الاستعلام أدناه:

DECLARE @str NVARCHAR(MAX)='ControlID_05436b78-04ba-9667-fa01-9ff8c1b7c235,3'
SELECT LEFT(@str, CHARINDEX(',',@str)-1),RIGHT(@str,LEN(@str)-(CHARINDEX(',',@str)))
2
Mehdi najafian

لقد وجدت أن استخدام PARSENAME كما هو مذكور أعلاه تسبب في إلغاء أي اسم لفترة.

لذلك إذا كان هناك اسم أولي أو عنوان في الاسم متبوعًا بنقطة ، فيتم إرجاع NULL.

لقد وجدت هذا يعمل لي:

SELECT 
REPLACE(SUBSTRING(FullName, 1,CHARINDEX(',', FullName)), ',','') as Name,
REPLACE(SUBSTRING(FullName, CHARINDEX(',', FullName), LEN(FullName)), ',', '') as Surname
FROM Table1
1
RoadRunner
select distinct modelFileId,F4.*
from contract
cross apply (select XmlList=convert(xml, '<x>'+replace(modelFileId,';','</x><x>')+'</x>').query('.')) F2
cross apply (select mfid1=XmlNode.value('/x[1]','varchar(512)')
,mfid2=XmlNode.value('/x[2]','varchar(512)')
,mfid3=XmlNode.value('/x[3]','varchar(512)')
,mfid4=XmlNode.value('/x[4]','varchar(512)') from XmlList.nodes('x') F3(XmlNode)) F4
where modelFileId like '%;%'
order by modelFileId
1
Frank
Select distinct PROJ_UID,PROJ_NAME,RES_UID from E2E_ProjectWiseTimesheetActuals
where   CHARINDEX(','+cast(PROJ_UID as varchar(8000))+',', @params) > 0 and  CHARINDEX(','+cast(RES_UID as varchar(8000))+',', @res) > 0
1
user7678586

قمت بإعادة كتابة إجابة أعلاه وجعلتها أفضل:

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[CSVParser]
(
  @s        VARCHAR(255),
  @idx      NUMERIC
)
RETURNS VARCHAR(12)
BEGIN
    DECLARE @comma int
    SET @comma = CHARINDEX(',', @s)
    WHILE 1=1
    BEGIN
        IF @comma=0
            IF @idx=1
                RETURN @s
            ELSE
                RETURN ''

        IF @idx=1
        BEGIN
            DECLARE @Word VARCHAR(12)
            SET @Word=LEFT(@s, @comma - 1)
            RETURN @Word
        END

        SET @s = RIGHT(@s,LEN(@s)[email protected])
        SET @comma = CHARINDEX(',', @s)
        SET @idx = @idx - 1
    END
    RETURN 'not used'
END

مثال للاستخدام:

SELECT dbo.CSVParser(COLUMN, 1),
       dbo.CSVParser(COLUMN, 2),
       dbo.CSVParser(COLUMN, 3)
FROM   TABLE
0
Pete Alvin
CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[fnSplit](@sInputList VARCHAR(8000), @sDelimiter VARCHAR(8000) = ',')
RETURNS @List TABLE (item VARCHAR(8000))
BEGIN

    DECLARE @sItem VARCHAR(8000)
    WHILE CHARINDEX(@sDelimiter, @sInputList, 0) <> 0
    BEGIN

        SELECT @sItem = RTRIM(LTRIM(SUBSTRING(@sInputList, 1, CHARINDEX(@sDelimiter, @sInputList,0) - 1))),
               @sInputList = RTRIM(LTRIM(SUBSTRING(@sInputList, CHARINDEX(@sDelimiter, @sInputList, 0) + LEN(@sDelimiter),LEN(@sInputList))))

        -- Indexes to keep the position of searching
        IF LEN(@sItem) > 0

        INSERT INTO @List SELECT @sItem

    END

    IF LEN(@sInputList) > 0
    BEGIN

        INSERT INTO @List SELECT @sInputList -- Put the last item in

    END

    RETURN

END
0
Glyn

يمكنك استخدام وظيفة الانقسام.

SELECT 
(select top 1 item from dbo.Split(FullName,',') where id=1 ) as Name,
(select top 1 item from dbo.Split(FullName,',') where id=2 ) as Surname,
FROM MyTbl
0
vicky
enter code here
USE TRIAL
GO
CREATE TABLE DETAILS
(
ID INT,
NAME VARCHAR(50),
ADDRESS VARCHAR(50)
)

INSERT INTO DETAILS
VALUES (100, 'POPE-JOHN-PAUL','VATICAN CIT|ROME|ITALY')
,(240, 'SIR-PAUL-McARTNEY','NEWYORK CITY|NEWYORK|USA')
,(460,'BARRACK-HUSSEIN-OBAMA','WHITE HOUSE|WASHINGTON|USA')
,(700, 'PRESIDENT-VLADAMIR-PUTIN','RED SQUARE|MOSCOW|RUSSIA')
,(950, 'NARENDRA-DAMODARDAS-MODI','10 JANPATH|NEW DELHI|INDIA')

select [ID]
,[NAME]
,[ADDRESS]
,REPLACE(LEFT(NAME, CHARINDEX('-', NAME)),'-',' ') as First_Name
,CASE 
WHEN CHARINDEX('-',REVERSE(NAME))+ CHARINDEX('-',NAME) < LEN(NAME)
THEN  SUBSTRING(NAME, CHARINDEX('-', (NAME)) + 1, LEN(NAME) - CHARINDEX('-', REVERSE(NAME)) - CHARINDEX('-', NAME))
ELSE 'NULL'
END AS Middle_Name
,REPLACE(REVERSE( SUBSTRING( REVERSE(NAME), 1, CHARINDEX('-',REVERSE(NAME)))), '-','') AS Last_Name 
,REPLACE(LEFT(ADDRESS, CHARINDEX('|', ADDRESS)),'|',' ') AS Locality
,CASE 
WHEN CHARINDEX('|',REVERSE(ADDRESS))+ CHARINDEX('|',ADDRESS) < LEN(ADDRESS) 
THEN SUBSTRING(ADDRESS, CHARINDEX('|', (ADDRESS))+1, LEN(ADDRESS)-CHARINDEX('|', REVERSE(ADDRESS))-CHARINDEX('|',ADDRESS))
ELSE 'Null' 
END AS STATE
,REPLACE(REVERSE(SUBSTRING(REVERSE(ADDRESS),1 ,CHARINDEX('|',REVERSE(ADDRESS)))),'|','') AS Country
FROM DETAILS

SELECT CHARINDEX('-', REVERSE(NAME)) AS LAST,CHARINDEX('-',NAME)AS FIRST, LEN(NAME) AS LENGTH
FROM DETAILS

SELECT SUBSTRING(NAME, CHARINDEX('-', (NAME))+1, LEN(NAME) -CHARINDEX('-', REVERSE(NAME)) - CHARINDEX('-', NAME))
FROM DETAILS




--LET ME KNOW IF YOU HAVE ANY DOUBTS UNDERSTANDING THE CODE
0
URMIL PREMAL SHAH